orignal translation by christian monks
Book of Leinster 1150 A.D.
(with some variant readings from the Book of Formoy) Irish Texts Society First redaction (R1) [ ] = glossarial matter
1. In principio fecit Deus Cawlum et Terram, i.e.,
God made Heaven and
Earth at the first, [and He Himself hath no beginning
2. He made first the formless mass, and the light
of angels, [on the first
Sunday]. He made firmament [on the Monday]. He
made earth and
seas [on the Tuesday]. He made sun and moon and
the stars of
Heaven [on the Wednesday]. He made birds [of the
air] and reptiles
[of the sea on the Thursday]. He made beasts [of
the earth] in
general, and Adam to rule over them, [on the Friday].
rested [on the Saturday] from the accomplishment
of a new Creation,
[but by no means from its governance].
3. [Thereafter] He gave the bailiffry of Heaven
to Lucifer, with the nine
orders of the Angels of Heaven. He gave the bailiffry
of Earth to
Adam [and to Eve, with her progeny]. [Thereafter]
Lucifer sinned, so
that he was leader of a third of the host of angels.
The King confined
him with a third of the host of angels in his
company, in Hell. And
God said unto the Foe of Heaven: [Haughty is this
Lucifer], unite et
confundamus consilium eius.
4. Thereafter Lucifer had envy against Adam, for
he was assured that this
would be given him [Adam], the filling of Heaven
in his [Lucifer's]
room. Wherefore he [Iofer Niger] came in the form
of the serpent, and
persuaded [Adam and] Eve to sin, in the matter
of eating of the apple
from the forbidden tree. Wherefore Adam was expelled
into common earth.
5. Thereafter the Lord came to them, and He said
unto Adam, Terra es et
in terram ibis [i.e., of earth was he made and
into earth shall he go].
In sudore uultus fui comedes panem tuum [i.e.,
he shall not obtain
satisfaction without labor]. He said further unto
the woman: Cum
dolore et gemitu paries filios tuos et filias
tuas [i.e., it shall be with
... insufferable pain that thou shalt bring forth
6. The progeny of Adam sinned [thereafter], namely
the elder of the sons
of Adam, Cain the accursed, who slew his brother
Abel ... [through his
jealousy?] and through his greed, with the bone
of a camel, as learned
men say. [In this manner?] began the kin-murders
of the world.
7. As for Seth, one of the three sons of Adam
[who had progeny], of him
are the men of the whole world.
Noe s. Lamech s. Mathusalem s. Enoch s. Iared
Malalahel s. Cainan s. Enos s. Seth s. Adam
For it is Noe who is the second Adam, to whom
the men of all the
world are traced. For the Flood drowned the whole
seed of Adam,
except Noe with his three sons, Sem, Ham, Iafeth,
and their four wives
Coba, Olla, Oliva, Olivana.
Afterwards, when God brought a Flood over the
whole world, none of
the people of the world escaped from the Flood
except it be the people
of that ark - Noe with his three sons, and the
wife of Noe, the wives
of his sons.
Ut dixit poeta,
A host that a wintry death would not subdue
Noe, there was no hero's weakness,
A story with horror has been made clear with
Sem, Ham, and Iafeth.
Women without evil colour, great excellences,
above the Flood without extinctions,
Coba, vigorous was the white swan,
Olla, Oliva, Olivana.
8. Now Sem settled in Asia, Ham in Africa, Iafeth
in Europe -
Sem settled in pleasant Asia;
Ham with his progeny in Africa noble Iafeth and
sons, it is they who settled in Europe.
Sem had thirty sons, including Arfaxad, Assur,
and Persius. Ham had
thirty sons, including Chus and Chanaan. Iafeth
had fifteen including
Dannai, Gregus, Hispanius, Gomer. Or it is twenty-seven
sons that Sem
Thirty sleek sons, a brilliant fact,
they sprang from Ham, son of Noe
twenty-seven who are from Sem,
and fifteen from Iafeth.
9. [With regard to] Iafeth [son of Noe], of him
is the northern side of Asia
- namely Asia Minor, Armenia, Media, the People
of Scythia; and of him
are the inhabitants of all Europe.
Grecus s. Iafeth, of him is Grecia Magna, Grecia
Alexandian Greece. Espanus s. Iafeth from whom
are the Hispani.
Gomer son of Iafeth had two sons, Emoth and Ibath.
him is the northern people of the world. Ibath
had two sons,
Bodb and Baath. Bodb, who had a son Dohe.
Elinus son of Dohe had three sons, Airmen, Negua,
Isacon. As for
Airmen, he had five sons, Gutus, Cebidus, Uiligothus,
Longbardus. Negua had three sons, Saxus, Boarus,
moreover, one of the three sons of Elenus, he
had four sons, Romanus,
Francus, Britus, Albanus.
This is that Albanus who first took Albania, with
his children, and of
him is Alba named: so he drove his brother across
the Sea of Icht,
and from him are the Albanians of Latium of Italy.
10. Magog, son of Iafeth, of his progeny are the
peoples who came to
Ireland before the Gaedil: to wit Partholan s.
Sera s. Sru s. Esru s.
Bimbend (sic) s. Magog s. Iafeth; and Nemed s.
Agnomain s. Pamp s. Tat
s. Sera s. Sru; and the progeny of Nemed, the
Gaileoin, Fir Domnann,
Fir Bolg and Tuatha De Danann. As the poet said,
Magog son if Iafeth there is cerainty of his progeny;
was Parthalon of Banba -decorous was his achievement.
Of them was noble Nemed son of Agnomain, unique;
were Gand and Genand, Sengand, free Slaine.
The numerous progeny of Elada, of them was Bres,
son of Elada expert in arms, son of Delbaeth son
S. Inda, s. Allda -Allda who was s. Tat, s. Tabarn
s. Enda, s.
Baath, [son of] pleasant Ibath.
S. Bethach s. Iardan s. Nemed grandson of Paimp:
Pamp s. Tat
s. Sera s. Sru s. white Braiment.
Of Braiment s. Aithecht, s. Magog, great in reknown:
happened in their time a joint appearance against
11. Baath, [one of the two sons of Ibath] s. Gomer
s. Iafeth, of him are the
Gaedil and the people of Scythia. He had a son,
eminent man whose name was Feinus Farsaid. [It
is he who was one of
the seventy-two chieftains who went for the building
Tower, whence the languages were dispersed.]
Howbeit, Nemrod himself was son of Cush s. Ham
s. Noe. This is
that Feinius aforesaid who brought the People's
Speech from the
Tower: and it is he who had the great school,
multiplicity of languages.
12. Now Feinius had two sons: Nenual, [one of
the two] whom he left in the
princedom of Scythia behind him; Nel, the other
son, at the Tower was
he born. Now he was a master of all the languages;
came [to summon him] from pharao, in order to
learn the multiplicity of
languages from him. But Feinius came out of Asia
to Scythia, whence
he had gone for the building of the Tower; so
that he died in the
princedom of Scythia, at the end of forty years,
and passed on the
chieftainship to his son, Nenual.
13, At the end of forty two years after the building
of the Tower, Ninus
son of Belus took the kingship of the world. For
no other attempted
to exercise authority over the peoples or to bring
the multitude of
nations under one had, and under tax and tribute,
but he alone.
Aforetime there had been chieftains; he who was
noblest and most in
favour in the community, he it was who was chief
counsellor for every
man: who should avert all injustice and further
all justice. No
attempt was made to invade or to dominate other
14. Now that is the time when Gaedel Glas, [from
whom are the Gaedil] was
born, of Scota d. Pharao. From her are the Scots
named, ut dictum est
Feni are named from Feinius a meaning without
Gaedil from comely Gaedel Glas, Scots from Scota.
15, It is Gaedel Glas who fashioned the Gaelic
language out of the seventy-
two languages: there are their names, Bithynian,
Scythian, etc. Under
The languages of the world, see for yourselves
Scythia, Cilicia, Hyreania, Gothia, Graecia, Germania,
horror, Pentapolis, Phrygia, Palmatia, Dardania.
Pamphylia, Mauretania, populous Lycaonia, Bacctria,
Corsica, Cypros Thessalia, Cappadocia, noble Armenia,
Sicilia, Saracen-land, Sardinia.
Belgia, Boeotia, Brittania, tuneful Rhodos, Hispania,
Rhegini, Phoenicia, India, golden Arabia, Mygdonia,
Parthia, Caria, Syria, Saxones, Athenae, Achaia,
Hebraei, Arcadia, clear Galatia, Troas, Thessalia,
Moesia, Media, Persida, Franci, Cyrene, Lacedaemonia,
Langobardi, Thracia, Numidia, Hellas (?) - hear
it! Lofty Italia,
That is the tally of languages without tarnish
out of which
Gaedel cut Gaedelic: known to me is their roll
understanding, the groups, the manifold languages.
16. Now Sru s. Esru s. Gaedel, he it is who was
chieftain for the Gaedil who
went out of Egypt after Pharao was drowned [with
his host in the Red
Sea of Israel]: Seven hundred and seventy years
from the Flood till
Four hundred and forty years from that time in
which Pharao was
drowned, and after Sru s. Esru came out of Egypt,
till the time when
the sons of Mil came into Ireland, to wit, Eber
whereanent [one] said -
Forty and four hundred of years - it is no falsehood
when the people of God came, be ye certain over
of Mare Rubrum, till they landed in Scene from
the clear sea,
they, the Sons of Mil, in the land of Ireland.
17. Four ships' companies strong went Sru out
of Egypt. There were
twenty-four wedded couples and three hirelings
for every ship. Sru
and his son Eber Scot, they were the chieftains
of the expedition. [It
is then that Nenual s. Baath s. Nenual s. Feinius
Farsaid, prince of
Scythia, died: and] Sru also died immediately
after reaching Scythia.
18. Eber Scot took [by force] the kingship of
Scythia from the
progeny of Nenual, till he fell at the hands of
Noemius s. Nenual.
There was a contention between Noemius and Boamain
s. Eber Scot.
Boamain took the kingship till he fell at the
hands of Noemius.
Noemius took the princedom till he fell at the
hands of Ogamain s.
Boamain in vengeance for this father. Ogamain
took the kingship till
he died. Refill s. Noemius took the kingship till
he fell at the hands of
Tat s. Ogamain. Thereafter Tat fell at the hands
of Refloir s. Refill.
Thereafter there was a contention for the princedom
[grandson of Noemius and Agnomain s. Tat, until
Refloir fell at the
hands of Agnomain.
19, For that reason was the seed of Gaedil driven
forth upon the sea, to wit
Agnomain and Lamfhind his son, so that they were
seven years on the
sea, skirting the world on the north side. More
than can be reckoned
are the hardships which they suffered. [The reason
why the name
Lamfhind was given to the son of Agnomain was,
because not greater
was the radiance of candles than his hands, at
the towing.] They had
three ships with a coupling between them, that
none of them should
move away from the rest. They had three chieftains
after the death of
Agnomain on the surface of the great Caspian Sea,
Lamfhind and Allot
and Caicher the druid.
20. It is Caicher the druid who gave the remedy
to them, when the
Siren was making melody to them: sleep was overcoming
the music. This is the remedy which Caicher found
for them, to melt
wax in their ears. It is Caicher who spoke to
them, when the great
wind drove them into the Ocean, so that they suffered
hunger and thirst there: till at the end of a
week they reached the
great promontory which is northward from the Rhipaean
in that promontory they found a spring with the
taste of wine, and
they feasted there, and were three days and three
nights asleep there.
But Caicher the druid said: Rise, said he, we
shalal not rest until we
reach Ireland. What place is that 'Ireland' said
Lamfhind s. Agnomain.
Further than Scythia is it, said Caicher. It is
not ourselves who shall
reach it, but our children, at the end of three
hundred years from
21. Thereafter they settled in the Macotic Marshes,
and there a son was
born to Lamfhind, Eber Glunfhind: [white marks
which were on his
knees]. He it is who was chieftain after his father.
His grandson was
Febri [Glunfhind (Sic)]. His grandson was Nuadu.
22. Brath s. Death s. Ercha s. Allot s. Nuadu
s. Nenual s. Febri Glas s. Agni
find s. Eber Glunfhind s. Lamfhind s. Agnomain
s. Tat s. Agnomain s.
Boamain s. Eber Scot s. Sru s. Esru s. Gaedel
Glas s. Nel s. Feinius
It is that Brath who came out of the Marshes along
the Torrian Sea to
Crete and to Sicily. They reached spain thereafter.
They took Spain
23. As for Agnomain s. Tat, he is the leader of
the Gaedil who came out of
Scythia. He had two sons, Lamfhind and Allot.
Lamfhind had one son,
Eber Glunfhind. Allot had a son, Eber Dub, at
the same time as the
sojourn in the Marshes. They had two grandsons
in joint rule,
Toithecht s. Tetrech s. Eber Dub, and Nenual s.
Febri s. Agni s. Eber
Glunfhind; there was also Soithecht s. Mantan
Ucce and Occe, two sons of Allot s. Nenual s.
Nemed s. Allot s. Ogamain
s. Toithecht s. Tetrech s. Eber Dub s. Allot.
24. Four ships' companies strong came the Gaedil
to Spain: in every ship
fourteen wedded couples and seven unwed hirelings.
Brath, a ship's
company. Ucce and Occe, two ships' companies:
[Two brethren were
they, the sons of Allot s. Nenual s. Nemed s.
Allot s. Ogamain], Mantan
[s. Caicher the druid s. Ercha s. (Coemthecht)]
a ship's company. So
they broke three battles after going into Spain:
a battle against the
Tuscans, a battle against the Langobardi, and
a battle against the
Barchu. But there came a plague upon them, and
four and twenty of
their number died, including Occe and Ucce. Out
of the two ships
none escaped, save twice five men, including En
s. Occe and Un s.
25. Brath had a good son named Breogan, by whom
was built the Tower and
the city - Braganza was the city's name. From
Breogan's Tower it was
that Ireland was seen; an evening of a day of
winter Ith s. Breogan
saw it. Unde Gilla Coemain cecinit -
Gaedel Glas, of whom ar the Gaedil, son was he
of Nel, with
store of wealth: he was mighty west and east,
Nel, son of
Feinius had two sons - I speak truth -Nel our
Nenual, Nel was born at the Tower in the east,
Scythia, bright as a shield.
After Feinius, the hero of ocean, there was great
between the brethren: Nel slew Nenual, who was
the High King was expelled.
He went into Egypt through valour till he reached
Pharao; till he bestowed Scota, of no scanty beauty,
modest, nimble daughter of pharao.
Scota bore a son to noble Nel, from whom was born
great race: Gaedel Glas was the name of the man
his arms and his vesture.
Fierce Esru was son to him, who was a Lord with
the son of Esru, Sru of the ancient hosts to whom
all the fame attributed to him.
Sru son of Esru son of Gaedel, our ancestor, rejoicing
troops, he it is who went northward to his house,
surface of the red Mare Rubrum.
The crews of four ships were the tale of his host
red Mare Rubrum: in his house of planks, we may
four wedded couples.
The prince of Scythia, it ws a clear fact, the
name was Nenual, it is then he died yonder in
his house -
when the Gaedil arrived.
Eber Scot of the heroes assumed [the kingdom]
progeny of Nenual unashamed, till he fell, with
kindness, at the hands of Noemius son of Nenual.
The strong son of Eber thereafter, who had the
of perfect purity, to the shore of the Caspian
Sea was he
king, till he fell by the hand of Noemius.
Noemius son of Nenual of the strength settled
chequered like a shield: the perfect fair prince
fell by the
hand of Ogamain son of Boamain.
Thereafter Ogamain was prince after Noemius of
till he died in his territory, unchurched: after
him Refill was
Thereafter Refill fell by the hand of Tait son
of Ogmain: Tait
fell, though he was not feeble,' by the hand of
Refloir son to
Refloir and Agnomain without blemish, seven years
in contention, till Refloir fell with tumult by
hand of Agnomain.
Noinel and Refill with a [spear] point two sons
of Refloir son
of Refill, they drove Agnomain out over the raging
Good were the chieftains, it was sufficient, who
came out of
Scythia; Agnomain, Eber without blemish, the two
sons of Tait
son of Ogamain.
Allot, Lamfhind of the green hand, conspicuous
the two sons of
very bright Agnomain, Caicher and Cing, fame with
two good sons of Eber of the red-steed.
The number of their ships, three ships coming
waves; three score [the crew] of every ship, a
and women every third score.
Agnomain died, it was no reproach in the islands
of the great
Caspian Sea. The place where they were for a year
They reached the full Libyan Sea, a sailing of
summer days; Glas son of Agnomain, who was not
died there in Cercina.
A fair island found they there on the Libyan Sea
blades: a season over a year, with fame, their
sojourn in that
They sail on the sea, a brilliant fact both by
day and by
night: the sheen of the hands of lustrous Lamfhind
was like to
Four chieftains had they who were not despicable,
coming over the Libyan Sea: Allot, Lamfhind wsift
ocean, Cing and his brother Caicher.
Caicher found a remedy for them yonder for the
melody of the
Sirens: this is the remedy that fair Caicher found,
to melt wax
in their ears.
They found a spring and a land at the Rhipaean
great might, having the taste of wine thereafter:
overcame them mightily.
Soundly, soundly they slept to the end of three
sorrow, till Caicher the faithful druid wakened
the noble men
It is Caicher, (a brilliant fulfilment!) who made
a prophecy to
them, at the Rhipaean Mountains with a headland
-"We have no
rest until Ireland."
"In what place is lofty Ireland?" said Lamfhind
warrior. "Very far" said Caicher then, "It is
not we who reach
it, but our children."
They advanced in their battalion with venom, southward
the Rhipaean headlands; the progeny of Gaedel,
they landed at the Marshes.
A glorious son was born there to Lamfhind son
Eber Glunfhind, pure the gryphon, the curl-haired
The family of Gaedel, the brisk and white, were
years in that land: they dwelt there thenceforward,
the victorious came.
Brath, the noble son of Faithful Death came to
Crete, to Sicily,
the crew of four ships of a safe sailing, right-hand
on to Spain.
Occe and Ucce without blemish, the two sons of
Allot son of
Nenual; Mantan son of Caicher, faithful Brath,
they were the
Fourteen men with their wives made the crew for
full of warriors, and six noble hirelings; they
battles in Spain.
Lofty the first battle - I shall not conceal it
-which they won
against the host of the Tuscans; a battle against
with violence, and a battle against the Langobardi.
It was after the sinister battle that there came
to them a
plague of one day: the people of the ships of
the sons of Allot
without fault were all dead except ten persons.
Un and En came out of it, two noble sons of the
chieftains: thereafter was Bregon born, father
of Bile the
strong and raging.
He broke a great number of fights and battles
many-coloured host of Spain: Bregon of the shouts
deeds, of the combats, by him was built Brigantia.
Bregon son of Brath, gentle and good, he had a
son, Mil: the
seven sons of Mil - good their host -including
Along with Dond, and Airech with battle, including
with Arannan, including Armorgen with bright countenance,
and along with Colptha of the sword.
The ten sons of Bregon without falsehood, Brega,
Murthemne, Cualnge, Cuala, fame though it were,
Ith, and Bile.
Ith son of Bregon with tuneful fame came at the
Ireland: he is the first of men who inhabited
it, of the noble
seed of the powerful Gaedil.
26. Let us cease [at this point] from the stories
of the Gaedil, that we may
tell of the seven peoples who took Ireland before
them. Cessair, d.
Bith s. Noe took it, forty days before the Flood.
Partholon s. Sera
three hundred years after the Flood. Nemed s.
Agnomain of the Greeks
of Scythia, at the end of thirty years after Partholon.
The Fir Bolg
thereafter. The Fir Domnann thereafter. The Gailioin
along with them]. The Tuatha De Danann thereafter.
[The sons of Mil
thereafter as Fintan said]. Unde Fintan cecinit,
Ireland - whatever is asked of me I know pleasantly,
taking that took her from the beginning of the
Cessair came from the East, the woman was daughter
with her fifty maidens, with her three men.
Flood overtook Bith in his Mountain, it is no
secret; Ladra in
Ard Ladrand, Cessair in her Nook.
But as for me, He buried me, the Son of God, above
company; He snatched the Flood from me above heavy
I had a year under the Flood in strong Tul Tuinde;
nothing for my sustenance, an unbroken sleep were
I was in Ireland here, my journey was everlasting,
Partholon reached her, from the East, from the
land of Greeks.
I was here in Ireland and Ireland was desert,
till the son of
Agnomain reached Nemed, brilliant his fashion.
The Fir Bolg and Fir Gailian came, it was long
ago; the Fir
Domnann came, they landed on a headland in the
Thereafter the Tuath De came, in their masses
of fog, so that
there was sustenance for me though it was a long
The sons of Mil came from Spain, from the south,
so that there
was sustenance for me at their hands, though they
strong in battle.
A long life fell to my lot, I shall not conceal
it; till Faith
overtook me from the King of Heaven of clouds.
I am Fintan the white son of Bochna, I shall noot
after the Flood here I am a noble great sage.
27. Incipit de The Takings of Ireland. Thereafter
Cessair daughter of
Bith s. Noe took it, ut poeta dixit, forty days
before the Flood.
This is the reason for her coming, fleeing from
the Flood: for Noe said
unto them: Rise, said he [and go] to the western
edge of the world;
perchance the Flood may not reach it.
28. The crew of three ships arrived at Dun na
mRarc in the territory of
Corco Daibne. Two of the ships were wrecked. Cessair
with the crew
of her ship escaped, fifty women and three men:
Bith s. Noe, of whom
is Sliab Betha (named) - there was he buried,
in the great stone-heap
of Sliab Betha; Ladra the pilot, of whom is Ard
Ladrand - he is the
firsst dead man who went under the soil of Ireland;
Fintan s. Bochra,
of whom is "Fintan's Grave" over Tul Tuinde. Cessair
died in Cul
Cessrach in Connachta, with her fifty maidens.
29, These are their names, ut Fintan cecinit
A just division we shared between us, myself and
bold Ladra; for peace and for reason was it done,
matter of the fifty magnificent maidens.
Seventeen women I took, including Cessair -Lot,
Mar, Froechar, Femar, Faible, Foroll, Cipir, Torrian,
Tam, Abba, Alla, Baichne, Sille: that is the tale
which we were
Seventeen Bith took, with Bairrfhind - Sella,
Addeos, Fotra, Traige, Nera, Buana, Tamall, Tanna,
Leos, Fodarg, Rodarg, Dos, Clos: be it heard -those
Sixteen thereafter with Ladra: Alba, Bona, Albor,
German, Aithne, Inde, Rodarg, Rinne, Inchor, Ain,
Sine, Samoll: that was our fair company.
None of the seed of Adam took Ireland before the
Flood but those.
30. Now Ireland was waste [thereafter], for a
space of three hundred years,
[or three hundred and twelve, quod uerius est]
till Partholon s. Sera
s. Sru came to it. He is the first who took Ireland
after the Flood, on
a Tuesday, on the fourteenth of the moon, in Inber
Scene: [for three
times was Ireland taken in Inber Scene]. Of the
progeny of Magog son
of Iafeth was he, [ut dixi supra]: in the sixstieth
year of the age of
Abraham, Partholon took Ireland.
31. Four chieftains strong came Partholon: himself
and Laiglinne his son,
from whom is Loch Laighlinne in Ui mac Uais of
Breg; Slanga and
Rudraige, the two other sons of Partholon, from
whom are Sliab Slanga
and Loch Rudraige. When the grave of Rudraige
was a-digging, the
lake there burst forth over the land.
32. Seven years had Partholon in Ireland when
the first man of his people
died, ti wit, Fea, from whom is Mag Fea; for there
was he buried, in
33. In the third year thereafter, the first battle
of Ireland, which Partholon
won in Slemna of Mag Itha against Cichol clapperlag
of the Fomoraig.
Men with single arms and single legs they were,
who joined the battle
34. There were seven lake bursts in Ireland in
the time of Partholon: Loch
Laighlinne in Ui mac Uais of Breg, Loch Cuan and
Loch Rudraige in
Ulaid, Loch Dechet and Loch Mese and Loch Con
in Connachta, and
Loch Echtra in Airgialla; for Partholon did not
find more than three
lakes and nine rivers in Ireland before him -
Loch Fordremain in Sliab
Mis of Mumu, Loch Lumnig on Tir Find, Loch Cera
in Irrus; Aba Life,
Lui, Muad, Slicech, Samer (upon which is Ess Ruaid),
Buas, and Banna between Le and Elle. Four years
before the death of
Partholon, the burst of Brena over the land.
35. Four plains were cleared by Partholon in Ireland:
Mag Itha in Laigen,
Mag Tuired in Connachta, Mag Li in Ui mac Uais,
Mag Ladrand in Dal
nAraide. For Partholon found not more than one
plain in Ireland
before him, the Old Plain [of Elta] of Edar. this
is why it is called the
"Old Plain" for never did branch of twig of a
wood grow through it.
36. And it is there that Partholon died, five
thousand men and four
thousand women, of a week's plague on the kalends
of May. On a
Monday plauge killed them all except one man tantum
- Tuan son of
Starn son of Sera nephew of Partholon: and God
fashioned him in
many forms, and that man survived alone from the
time of Partholon to
the time of Findian and of Colum Cille. So he
narrated to them the
Takings of Ireland from the time of Cessair, the
first who took, to that
time. And that is Tuan son of Cairell son of Muiredach
him the history-sage sang the following song -
Ye scholars of the Plain of fair, white Conn,
of the land of the
men of Fal, as I relate, what company, after the
the world, first lighted upon Ireland?
Ireland before the swift Flod, as I reckon her
knowing, pure-white kemps found her, including
daughter of Bith.
Bith son of Noe of the many troops, though he
a trench-achievement, he died in warlike Sliab
died in Ard Ladrann.
Fintain went on a journey of weakness, his grave
it ws a leap of impetuosity; he was not in haste
trench of a churchyeard, but a grave over Tul
To Dun na mBarc for a separation-festival faring
of reckoning brought them; at the stone-heap,
fruitful sea Cessair died in Cul Cessrach.
Forty days full-scanty the slender and graceful
in their ship, before the noise of the Flood they
landed on a
place of the land of Ireland.
He rose on a journey for truth-deciding by the
might of the
King whom he used to adore; Fintan, who was a
tidings for lords, for mighty ones of the earth.
Three hundred years, I boast of it, I speak through
which I reckon, pleasant Ireland, I proclaim it
soothsayers was waste, after the Flood.
Partholon the eminent came, a royal course across
beaten sea: his quartet of heroes, fair and faithful
them was the free-born Slanga.
Slanga, Laiglinne the brilliant, boardlike, noble
and strong was
his canoe; these were his ready trio of chieftains,
the lordly Rudraige.
Plains were cleared of their great wood, by him,
to get near to
his dear children; Mag Itha southward, a hill
Mag Li of ashes, Lag Lathraind.
Seven lake-bursts, thouugh ye measure them, with
name, though ye should set them forth they filled,
fetter of valleys, insular Ireland in his time.
Loch Laiglinne, bold Loch Cuan, the Loch of Rudraige,
was) a lord without law-giving, Loch Techet, Loch
abounding in mead, Loch Cou, Loch Echtra full
Over Ireland of beauty of colour, as I relate
on the fortress of Bith he found not more than
Three lakes, vast and tideless (?) and nine rivers
beauty: Loch Fordremain, Loch Luimnig, Findloch
borders of Irrus.
The river of Life, the Lee let us mention, which
humms who knows diana senga; the history of the
of Ireland has demonstrated the true height of
Muad, Slicech, Samer, thou dost name it, Buas,
a flood with the
fame-likeness of a summit, Modorn, Find with fashion
sword-blade (?) Banna between Lee and Eille.
He died after pride, with warriors, Partholon,
hundredfold troop: they were cut down with possessions,
treasures, on the Old Plain of Elta of Edar.
This is why it is the forutnate Old Plain It is
fashioner who caused it: over its land which the
off no root or twig of a wood was found.
His grave is there according to men of truth,
Although he had
no power among saints: Silent was his sleep under
places which are no pilgrimage-way for our scholars.
Three hundred years, though ye should know it,
secret to the exalted, had the troop, brightly
lasting, over age-old, noble Ireland.
Men, women, boys and girls, on the calends of
May, a great
hindrance, the plaguing of Partholon in Mag Breg
unbroken summer-apportionment of peace.
It was thirty lean years that she was empty in
the face of
war-champions, after the death of her host throughout
in their troops upon Mag Elta.
Let us give adoration to the King of the Elements,
to the good
Head, the Fortress of our people, whose is every
generation, whose is every head, every scholarship.
I am Ua Flaind who scatters truths; an apportionment
kings hath he chosen; may everything whatsoever
he may say
be a speech of grace, may it accord with holiness,
37. It was the four sons of Partholon who made
the first division of Ireland
in the beginning, Er, Orba, Fergna, Feron. There
were four men,
namesakes to them, amoung the sons of Mil, but
they were not the
same. From Ath Cliath of Laigen to Ailech Neit,
is the division of Er.
From Ath Cliath to the island of Ard Nemid, is
the division of Orba.
From Ailech to Ath Cliath of Medraige, is the
division of Feron. From
that Ath Cliath to Ailech Neit, is the division
of Fergna. So that is
that manner they first divided Ireland.
38. Partholon had four oxen, that is the first
cattle of Ireland. Of his
company was Brea, son of Senboth, by whom were
a jouse, a flesh
[cauldron], and dwelling first made in Ireland.
Of his company was
Samailiath, by whom were ale-drinking and suretyship
first made in
Ireland. Of his company was Beoir, by whom a guesthouse
made in Ireland. As the poet saith
Partholon, whence he came to Ireland, reckon ye!
on the day
when he reached across the sea, what was the land
He came from Sicily to Greece -a year's journey,
with no full
falsehood: a month's sailing from Greece westward,
From Cappadocia he journeyed, a sailing of three
Gothia, a sailing of a month from white Gothia,
After that he reached Inis Fail, to Ireland from
Monday, the tenth without blemish one octad took
He is the first man who took his wife in the time
without falsehood: Fintan, who took the woman
-Aife, daughter of Partholon.
Parthlolon went out one day, to tour his profitable
wife and his henchman together he leaves behind
him on the
As they were in his house, the two, a wonder unheard-of,
made an advance to the pure henchman, he made
Since he made her no answer promptly the henchman,
stubborn against an evil intention, she doffs
desperation -an impusive action for a good woman!
The henchman rose without uncertainty, a frail
humanity -and came, a saying without pleasure,
to share her couch.
Insolent was the prank for a pleasant henchman
which Topa of
tuneful strings wrought: to go by a rough trick,
without pleasure, with Delgnat, to share her couch.
Partholon, who was a man of knowledge, had a vat
sweet ale: out of which none could drink aught
save through a
tube of red gold.
Thirst seized them after the deed, Topa and Delgnat,
to truth: so that their two mouths drank their
two drinks (?)
in the tube.
When they did it, a couple without remorse, there
them very great thirst; soon they drank a bright
through the gilded tube.
Partholon arrived outside, after ranging the wilderness;
were given to him, it was a slight disturbance,
his vat and his
When he took the straight tube, he perceived upon
it at once,
the taste of Topa's mouth as far as this, and
the taste of
A black, surly demon revealed the bad, false,
"Here is the taste of Topa's mouth" said he, "And
the taste of
Then said the sound son of Sera, the man called
"though short the time we are outside, we have
the right to
complain of you."
The man smote the woman's dog with his palm -
it was no
profit -he slew the hound, it was a treasure that
slender; so that is the first jealousy of Ireland.
Degnat answered her husband: "Not upon us is the
though bitter thou thinkest my saying it, truly,
but it is upon
Though evil thou thinkest my saying it to thee,
right shall be mine: I am the 'one before one'
here, I am
innocent, recompense is my due.
Honey with a woman, milk with a cat, food with
meat with a child, a wright within and an edge[d
before one, 'tis a great risk.'
The woman will taste the thick honey, the cat
will drink the
milk, the generous will bestow the pure food,
the child will eat
The wright will lay hold of a tool, the one with
the one will go
together: wherefore it is right to guard them
well from the
That is the first adultery to be heard of made
here in the
beginning: the wife of Partholon, a man of rank,
to go to an
He came after the henchman and slew him with anger:
there came not the help of God upon the Weir of
The place where that was done, after its fashioning
great is its sweetness that was there of a day
in the land of
And that, without deceit, is the first judgement
in Ireland so
that thence, with very noble judgement, is "the
right of his
wife against Partholon."
Seventeen years had they thereafter, till there
came the death
of that man; the battle of Mag Itha of the combats
was one of
the deeds of Partholon.
Further of the voyaging of Partholon -
Good was the great company that Partholon had:
active youths, chieftains and champions. '
Totacht and strong Tarba, Eochar and Aithechbel,
Dorcha, Dam, the seven chief ploughmen of Partholon.
Liac and Lecmag with colour, Imar and Etrigi,
the four oxen, a
proper group, who ploughed the land of Partholon.
Beoir was the name of the man, with his nobles
and with his
people, who suffered a guest in his firm house,
the first in
By that Brea son of Senboth a house was first,
a cauldron on
fire; a feat that the pleasant Gaedil desert not,
By Samaliliath were known ale-drinking and surety-ship:
him were made thereafter worship, prayer, questioning.
The three druids of Partholon of the harbours,
Eochmarc: the names of his three chamions further,
The names of the ten noble daughters whom Partholon
and the names of his ten sons-in-law I have aside,
it is a full
Aife, Aine, lofty Adnad, Macha, Mucha, Melepard,
Grenach, Auach and Achanach.
Aidbli, Bomnad and Ban, Caertin, Echtach, Athchosan,
Ligair, Lugaid the warrior, Gerber who was not
vain of word.
Beothach, Iarbonel, Fergus, Art, Corb, who followed
sin, Sobairche, active Dobairche, were the five
Nemed, good in strength.
Bacorb Ladra, who was a sound sage, he was Partholon's
of learning: he is the first man, without uncertainty,
hospitality at the first.
Where they ploughed in the west was at Dun FInntain,
it was very far: and they grazed grass of resting
in the east
of Mag Sanais.
Bibal and Babal the white, were Partholon's two
Bibal brought gold hither, Babal brought cattle.
The first building of Ireland without sorrow,
was made by
Partholon: the first brewing, churning, ale, a
grace, at first, in good and lofty Ireland.
Rimad was the firm tall-ploughman, Tairle the
ploughamn: Fodbach was the share, no fiction is
Fetain the coulter.
Broken was the name of the man, it was perfect,
wrought hidden shamefulness: it waas destroyed
scattering that was not evil, Partholon thought
this to be
So these are the tidings of the first Taking of
39. Now Ireland was waste thereafter, for a space
of thirty years after
Partholon, till Nemed son of Agnomain of the Greeks
of Scythia came
thither, with his four chieftains; [they were
the four sons of Nemed].
Forty-four ships had he on the Caspian Sea for
a year and a half, but
his ship alone reached Ireland. These are the
four chieftains, Starn,
Iarbonel the Soothsayer, Annind, and Fergus Red-Side:
they were the
four sons of Nemed.
40. There were four lake-bursts in Ireland in
the time of Nemed: Loch Cal
in Ui Niallain, Loch Munremair in Luigne, Loch
Dairbrech, Loch Annind
in Meath. When his grave [of Annind son of Nemed]
was being dug
and he was a-burying, there the lake burst over
41, It is Nemed who won the battle of Ros Fraechain
against Gand and
Sengand, two kings of the Fomoraig, and the twain
were slain there.
Two royal forts were dug by Nemed in Ireland,
Raith Chimbaith in
Semne, Raith Chindeich in Ui Niallain. The four
sons of Matan
Munremar dug Raith Cindeich in one day: namely,
Boc, Roboc, Ruibne,
and Rotan. They were slain before the morrow in
Daire Lige by Nemed,
lest they should improve upon the digging.
42. Twelve plains were cleared by Nemed in Ireland:
Mag Cera, Mag Eba,
Mag Cuile Tolaid, and Mag Luirg in Connachta:
Mag Seired in Tethba;
Mag Tochair in Tir Eogain; Mag Selmne in Araide;
Mag Macha in
Airgialla; Mag Muirthemne in Brega; Mag Bernsa
in Laighne; Leccmag
and Mag Moda in Mumu.
43. He won three battles agains the Fomoraig [or
sea-rovers]: the battle of
Badbgna in Connachta, of Cnamros in Laigne, of
Murbolg in Dal Riada.
After that, Nemed died of plague in Oilean Arda
Nemid in Ui Liathain.
44. The progeny of Nemed were under great oppression
after his time in
Ireland, at the hands of More, s. Dela and of
Conand s. Febar [from
whom is the Tower of Conand named, which to-day
is called Toirinis
Cetne. In it was the great fleet of the Fomoraig].
Two thirds of the
progeny, the wheat, and the milk of the people
of Ireland (had to be
brought) every Samain to Mag Cetne. Wrath and
sadness seized on the
men of Ireland for the burden of the tax. They
all went to fight
against the Fomoraig. They had three champions,
Semul s. Iarbonel the
Soothsayer s. Nemed, Erglan s. Beoan s. Starn
s. Nemed, Fergus Red-
Side s. Nemed. Thirty thousand on sea, other thirty
thousand on land,
these assaulted the tower. Conand and his progeny
45. So, after that capture, More son of Dela came
upon the, with the crews
of three-score ships, and they fell in a mutual
slaughter. The sea
came up over the people of Ireland, and not one
of them fled from
another, so severe was the battling: none escaped
but one ship, in
which there were thirty warriors. They went forth,
Ireland, fleeing from the sickness and taxation:
Bethach died in
Ireland of plague; his ten wives survivied him
for a space of twenty-
three years. Ibath and his son Baath went into
the north of the
world. Matach and Erglan and Iartach, the three
sons of Beoan, went
to Dobar and Iardobar in the north of Alba.
46. Semeon went in the lands of the Greeks. His
progeny increased there
till they amounted to thousands. Slavery was imposed
upon them by
the Greeks; they had to carry clay upon rough
mountains so that
they became flowery plains. Thereafter they were
weary of their
servitude, and they went in flight, five thousand
strong, and made
them ships of their bags: [or, as the Quire of
Druim Snechta says,
they stole the pinnaces of the king of Greece
for coming therein].
Thereafter they came again into Ireland, their
land of origin: that was
at the end of two hundred and thirty years after
Nemed. These are
their five chiefs, Gand, Genand, Rudraige, Sengand
47. As for Fergus Red-Side and his son, Britain
Mael of whom are all the
Britons in the world, they took Moin Conain and
filled with their
progeny the great island, Britannia Insula: till
Hengist and Horsa, the
two sons of Guictglis, King of the Old Saxons,
came and conquered
them: and they drove the Britons over the borders
of the Island.
These are the adventures of the progeny of Nemed
after the taking of
Conand's Tower: unde the Historian cecinit
Great Ireland which the Gaedil regulate, I tell
some of her
concerns: Great chiefs spear-armed took her, of
race of Adam.
From Adam the truly tuneful, the ruthless, to
the Flood, a
tumult that was prepared, none warmed her very
household except Cessair of the fifty maidens.
Except Bith and Ladru - let us relate it -Fintan,
darkness of the land, no man found it, who revealed
stately superiority of Ireland, before the time
of the Flood.
After the Flood of secret going three hundred
whoso relates it, he who was a bright crown for
valour, Partholon son of Sera, comes.
Notwithstanding every stately psalm-canon, the
Partholon the sinner -dead was the whole tally
household, upon the Old Plain, in the course of
Six fives of years without increase, without a
guard, it was
dark obscurity, Desert was every side to the proud
Not a person took it save Nemed.
Nemed with wrath (?) of them all, with store of
valour, he possessed the land of the warring of
after the destruction of the other companies.
He used to effect victory without hazards, Nemed,
pride and intelligence: the son of Agnomain with
haughtiness, although his troop was weak, it was
Starn, who fell at the hands of Mac Faebuir, Iarbonel
Soothsayer, who was joyous, Ainnind with fetters
leather, were the three venemous chieftains of
Nemed who paid them in the matter of securities,
it was a
pestilence of fire over a death-doom; in his time,
great noise of rushing, there was an outburst
- four lakes.
Loch Munremair, a pleasant sea, of broad-ridged,
Loch Dairbrech over a hedge of a king (?) Loch
Vigorously there were dug by his host two forts
strength and firmness, Raith Cindeich in which
apportioned weapons, Raith Cimbaeith in Semne.
Cleared by him, it was a road of pleasure, twelve
good eye (-prospect), Mag Cera in Connachta of
Moda and Mag Eba.
Strong Mag Tochair was cleansed, Leemag of the
plain of Muma, Mag Bernsa with a mystery of great
Mag Cuile Tolad, Mag Lugad.
Mag Sered of drying-up of a river, Mag Semne of
of colouring, Mag Luirg of little darkness of
Muirthemne, Mag Macha.
The routs - a work to recount them - which he
against the warriors of Fomoire of much sharpness;
battle of huge Morbole of great sharpness the
Badgna, and the battle of Cnamros.
In the territory of Liathan by Muma, the dark
slaughter died of plague: with the rude company
grass in Oilean Arda Nemid.
They were not in security as regards oppression
progeny which Nemed fertilised -at the hands of
with hard body and at the hands of More son of
Two-thirds of their shapely children, it was not
against military weakness -a lasting tax through
the world -two-thirds of corn and of milk.
To hard Mag Cetna of weapons, Over Eas Ruaid of
wonderful salmon, it was prepared against help,
feasting (?) for them, every Samain eve.
Semeon son of joyful Iardan, Fergus pure and generous,
an effort of pride, Erglan son of warlike Beoan,
three freemen for their hosts.
The host of Ireland with her troop came - it was
of power -a warrior-band who had blood through
westward to the capture of Conaing's tower.
Conaing's tower with store of plunder of a union
crimes of hundreds of rapine, a fortress of assembly
art of the rage of the Fomoire of the sea.
The men of Ireland after its capture, with the
of the courses before them, of these, tidings
of loss, none
escaped except thirty of the children of Nemed.
They were not at peace regarding their inheritance,
host with great valour of despair; of the thirty
warriors, every chieftain went his ways.
Into the land of Greeks, the remnant of the troop
Semeon, it was a road of happiness: with wisdom
pre-eminent division went Fergus into Moin Conain.
Britan Mael son of the prince free the multitude
over streams, son of Lethderg from Leemag from
the Britons of the world.
Bethach under steps of forms of fame died in Ireland
according to truthfulness: his ten wives behind
thereafter, for a space of twenty-three years.
Hundreds sprang from Semeon, the Greeks thought
numerous legion: they were not accepted by the
but were enslaved by the Greeks.
This was the order of the chieftains, Carrying
- it was not fraught with fame -[of] clay upon
stony mountain so that it was a plain rich in
They departed with no treacherous covenant upon
wrathful very black sea, out of the captivity
fosterage with ships and with bags.
These were their names of pride, of the kings,
with agility, Gann, Genann with choice men of
divisions, Rudraige, Sengann, Slanga.
The seed of Semeon of a row of spear-divisions,
a deed of
pure will of purity of action-deeds; The Galioin,
men of the
very scanty orderings, The Fir Bolg and the Fir
Two hundred years, whoso relates it, after Nemed,
his deeds of valour, till the Fir Bolg took the
of Ireland, from the sea-pool of ocean.
Their sending, their measuring-out, endures; they
into five, without religion -without a falling
slender-sided sept -pleasant Ireland, from Uisnech.
Let us give adoration to most righteous Christ
subdued the strongest floods; His is the world
generation, His is every territory, His is Ireland.
The capture of Conaing's tower with valour against
the great, son of Faebar: the men of Ireland came
three brilliant chieftains with them.
Erglan son of Beoan son of Starn, Semeon son of
Iardan, before exile went the warrior of the plains,
of Nemed, Fergus Lethderg.
Three score thousands in brilliant wise over land
water, that is the tally who went from home, the
of Nemed, to the capture.
Torinis, island of the tower, the fortress of
Conaing son of
Faebar; by Fegus himself, a fighting of valour,
of Faebar fell.
More son of Dela came there, it was for a help
Conaing fell previously, More thought it grave
Three score ships over the sea was the tally with
More son of Dela came; there encountered them
came to land, the children of Nemed with powerful
The men of all Ireland in the battle, after the
the Fomoraig, the sea-surge drowned them all,
thrice ten men.
Erglan, Matach, Iartacht the noble, the three
sons of Beoan
son of Starn, white his girdle, Bethach, Britan
battle, Baath the glorious, and Ibath.
Bechach, Bethach, Bronal, Pal, Goirthigorn, German,
Ceran, Gobran, Gothiam pure, Gam, Dam, Ding and
Semeon, Fortecht, bright Gosten, Grimaig, Guillius
cleverness, Taman, Turrue, and Glas, Feb, and
Three tens on the tuneful sailing went afterwards
Ireland: in three they made divisions after the
Conaing's Tower in the west.
The third of Bethach the victoriuous, tuneful
Toirinis to Boinn: it is he who died in Inis Fail,
The third of Semeon son of noble Erglan to Belach
with horror; the third of Britan, saith Ua Flaind,
to Conaing's Tower.
The children of Israel on a journey at that time,
Egypt; and the children of Gaedel Glas, were a-voyaging
O Christ fair, with beauty of appearance, O KIng,
apportioner of the haven of Paradise, Into Thy
famous the place, O King of the workd, mayest
48. Now as for the Fir Bolg, they brought five
chieftains with them, ut dixi
supra, to wit, Gann, Genann, Rudraige, Sengann,
Slanga: those were
the fivce sons of Dela. Their fivce wives next,
Anust, Liber, Cnucha,
Fuat, Etar: [unde dicitur]
Fuat, wife of Slanga, you do not think it crooked,
wife to Gann with valour, Anust wife of Sengann
spears, Cnucha who was wife of pure Genann.
Liber wife of Rudraige of the Road, a people sweet,
was not narrow: Rudraige, master of wiles, I suppose,
was his wife.
49. The Fir Bolg separated into three. With Slanga
s. Dela s. Loth his third
[landed] in Inber Slaine: his Fifth is from Inber
Colptha to Comar Tri
nUisce; a thousand men his tally. The second third
landed in Inber
Dubglaisi with Gann and Sengann: two thousand
were their tally, Gann
from Comar Tri nUisce to Belach Conglais, Sengann
from Belach Conglais
to Luimneach - that is, over the two Fifths of
Mumu. Genann and
Rudraige with a third of the host, they landed
in Inber Domnann:
[whence they are called Fir Domnann}. Genann it
is who was king over
the Fifth of Medb and Ailell; Rudraige over the
Fifth of Conchobor -
other two thousand were his tally. Those are the
Fir Bolg, the Fir
Domnann, and the Gailioin.
As to the Fir Domnann, the creek takes its name
from them. The Fir
Bolg - they were named from their bags. The Gailioin,
multitude of their javelins were they named.
They made one Taking and one princedom, for they
were five brethren,
the five sons of Dela s. Loth. And in one week
they took Ireland,
[though the days were different]. On Saturday,
the kalends of August,
Slanga landed in Inber Slaine. On Tuesday Gann
and Sengann landed.
On Friday Genann and Rudraige landed: and thus
is it one Taking,
though they were differently styled. The Gaileoin,
from Slanga were
they named. From Gann and Sengann were the Fir
Bolg named. The
Fir Domnann were named from deepening the earth:
they were Genann
and Rudraige with their followers. For they are
all called Fir Bolg,
and thirty-seven years was the length of their
Lordship over Ireland.
The five sons of Dela were the five kings of the
Fir Bolg, i.e., Gann,
Genann, Rudraige, Sengann, Slaine.
50. [Now these men, the Fir Bolg, were the progeny
of Dela.] Slanga was
the eldest, s. Dela s. Loth s. Oirthet, s. Tribuat
s. Gothorb s. Gosten s.
Fortech s. Semeon s. Erglan s. Beoan s. Starn
s. Nemed s. Agnomain.
No king took, who was called "of Ireland," till
the Fir Bolg came.
Nine kings of them took Ireland. Slanga, one year
- it is he who died
of the Fir Bolg in Ireland at the first. Rudraige,
two years, till he
died in Brug Bratruad. Gann and Genann, four years,
till they died of
plague in Fremaind. Sengann, five years, till
he fell at the hands of
Rindail s. Genann s. Dela. Rindail, six years,
till he fell at the hands
of Fodbgenid s. Sengann s. Dela in Eba Coirpre.
Fodbgen, four years,
till he fell in Mag Muirthemne at the hands of
Eochu s. Rindail s.
Genann s. Dela. Eochu son of Erc, ten years. There
was no wetting in
his time, save only dew: there was no year without
Falsehoods were expelled from Ireland in his time.
By him was
executed the law of justice in Ireland for the
fist time. Eochu son of
Erc fell at the hands of three sons of Nemed s.
Badra: he is the first
king of Ireland who received his death-wound in
Ireland. [Unde Colum
Cille cecinit "Dean moresnis a mic,"etc.]
51. The Fir Bolg gave them [the Tuatha De Danann]
battle upon Mag Tuired;
they were a long time fighting that battle. At
last it broke against the
Fir Bolg, and the slaughter pressed northward,
and a hundred
thousand of them were slain westward to the strand
of Eochaill. There
was the king Eochu overtaken, and he fell at the
hands of the three
sons of Nemed. Yet the Tuatha De Danann suffered
great loss in the
battle, and they left the king on the field, with
his arm cut from him;
the leeches were seven years healing him. The
Fir Bolg fell in that
battle all but a few, and they went out of Ireland
in flight from the
Tuatha De Danann, into Ara, and Ile, and Rachra
and other islands
besides. [it was they who led the Fomoraig to
the second battle of
Mag Tuired]. And they were in [those islands]
till the time of the
Provincials over Ireland, till the Cruithne drove
them out. They came
to Cairbre Nia Fer, and he gave them lands; but
they were unable to
remain with him for the heaviness of the impost
which he put upon
them. Thereafter they came in flight before Cairbre
protection of Meldb and Ailill, and these gave
them lands. This is the
wandering of the sons of Umor. [Oengus son of
Umor was king over
them in the east], and from them are named those
CIme from Cime Four-Heads son of Umor, the Point
of Taman in
Medraige from Taman son of Umor, the Fort of Oengus
in Ara from
Oengus, the Stone-heap of Conall in Aidne from
Conall, Mag Adair from
Adar, Mag Asail from Asal in Mumu also. Menn son
of Umor was the
poet. They were in fortresses and in islands of
the sea around
Ireland in that wise, till Cu Chulaind overwhelmed
52. Those are the kings of the Fir Bolg and their
deaths; unde poeta
The Fir Bolg were here for a season in the great
the sons of Mil; the five chiefs which they brought
them from over yonder I know their names.
A year had Slanga, this is true, till he died
in his fine
mound; the first man of the Fir bolg of the peaks
in the island of Ireland.
Two years of Rudraige the Red, till he died in
ruaid, four of Genann and of Gann, till plague
slew them in
Five years of Sengann - they were reposeful -till
son of Starn slew him; five others - it was through
-Fiachu Cendfhindan was king.
Fiachu Cendfhindan before all, his name endures
whiteheaded all, without reproach, were the kine
in his presence.
Till he fell at the hands of red Rindail, he got
with his free host; The grandson of Dela fell
then in Eba,
at the hands of Odbgen.
Four to noble Odbgen till the battle of Murthemne
nobles: Odbgen died without reproach at the hands
son of Erc, of lofty Eochu.
Ten years to Eochu son of Erc, he found not the
line of weakness: till they slew him on the battlefield,
three sons of Nemed son of Badra.
TIll Rinnal grew, there was no point at all upon
in Ireland; upon harsh javelins there was no fair-covering,
but their being rushing-sticks.
In the time of Fodbgen thereafter there came knots
through trees: the woods of Ireland down till
smooth and very straight.
The pleasant Tuatha De Danann brought spears with
in their hands: with them Eochu was slain, by
the seed of
Nemed of strong judgement.
The names of the three excellent sons of Nemed
Cessarb, Luam, and Luachra: it is they who slew
king with a point, Eochu son of Erc, in Ireland.
Thereafter the Tuatha De fought for the Fir Bolg,
it was a
rought appearance. They took away their goods
lordship from the Men.
53. Fintan cecinit of the division of the Provinces
The five parts of Ireland between sea and land,
the fair candles of every province among them.
From Drobais swift and fierce, is the holy first
the Boyne white and vast south from white Bairche.
From the Boyne, tuneful and whitely-glowing with
hundreds of harbours To the Meeting with sound
assembled waves of the cold Three Waters.
From that same Meeting with nimble ..... From
the Bel of
the brave Cu who is called 'glas.'
From Lumnech of huge ships -broad its surface
Drobais of armed multitudes, pure, on which a
Knowledgeable prostration, pathways are related,
in the matter of correction towards a road into
The points of those provinces to Uisnech did they
Each of them out of its .... ..... till it was
The progeny of Semeon were all the Gaileoin and
Fir Domnann. Thirty
years after Genann and Rudraige, the Tuatha De
Danann came into
54. Thereafter the progeny of Bethach s. Iarbonel
the Soothsayer s. Nemed
were in the northern islands of the world, learning
knowledge and prphecy and magic, till they were
expert in the arts of
55. So that they were the Tuatha De Danann who
came to Ireland. In this
wise they came, in dark clouds. They landed on
the mountains of
Conmaicne Rein in Connachta; and they brought
a darkness over the
sun for three days and three nights.
56. They demanded battle of kingship of the Fir
Bolg. A battle was fought
between them, to wit the first battle of Mag Tuired,
in which a
hundred thousand of the Fir Bolg fell. Thereafter
they [the TDD] took
the kingship of Ireland. Those are the Tuatha
Dea - gods were their
men of arts, non-gods their husbandmen. They knew
of druids, and charioteers, and trappers, and
57. It is the Tuatha De Danann who brought with
them the Great Fal, [that
is, the Stone of Knowledge], which was in Temair,
whence Ireland bears
the name of "The Plain of Fal." He under whom
it should utter a cry
was King of Ireland; until Cu Chulainn smote it,
for it uttered no cry
under him nor under his fosterling, Lugaid, son
of the three Finds of
Emain. And from that out the stone uttered no
cry save under Conn
of Temair. Then its heart flew out from it [from
Temair] to Tailltin, so
that is the Heart of Fal which is there. It was
no chance which
caused it, but Christ's being born, which is what
broke the owers of
58. Now Nuadu Airgetlam was king over the Tuatha
De Danann for seven
years before their coming into Ireland, until
his arm was hewn from
him in the first battle of Mag Tuired. Eidleo
s. Alldai, he was the first
man of the Tuatha De Danann who fell in Ireland,
by the hand of
Nercon ua Semeoin, in the first battle of Mag
Tuired. Ernmas, and
Echtach, and Etargal, and Fiachra, and Tuirill
Piccreo fell in the same
battle. Bress s. Elada took the kingship of Ireland
post, to the end of
seven years, till the arm of Nuadu was healed:
a silver arm with
activity in every finger and every joint which
Dian Cecht put upon
him, Credne helping him.
59. Tailltiu daughter of Mag Mor king of Spain,
queen of the Fir Bolg, came
after the slaughter was inflicted upon the Fir
Bolg in that first battle
of Mag Tuired to Coill Cuan: and the wood was
cut down by her, so it
was a plain under clover-flower before the end
of a year. This is that
Tailtiu who was wife of Eochu son of Erc king
of Ireland till the
Tuatha De Danann slew him, ut praediximus: it
is he who took her
from her father, from Spain; and it is she who
slept with Eochu Garb
son of Dui Dall of the Tuatha De Danann; and Cian
son of Dian Cecht,
whose other name was Scal Balb, gave her his son
in fosterage, namely
Lug, whose mother was Eithne daughter of Balar.
So Tailltiu died in
Tailltiu, and her name clave thereto and her grave
is from the Seat of
Tailltiu north-eastward. Her games were performed
every year and her
song of lamentation, by Lug. With gessa and feats
of arms were they
performed, a fortnight before Lugnasad and a fortnight
dicitur Lugnasad, that is, the celebration (?)
or the festival of Lug.
Unde Oengus post multum tempus dicebat, "the nasad
of Lug, or the
nasad of Beoan [son] of Mellan."
60. to return to the Tuatha De Danann. Nuadu Airgatlam
fell in the last
battle of Mag Tuired, and Macha daughter of Ernmas,
at the hands of
Balar the strong-smiter. In that battle there
fell Ogma s. Elada at the
hands of Indech son of the De Dmnann, king of
the Fomoire. Bruidne
and Casmael fell at the hands of Ochtriallach
s. Indech. After the
death of Nuadu and of those men, Lug took the
kingship of Ireland,
and his grandfather Balar the Strong-smiter fell
at his hands, with a
stone from his sling. Lug was forty years in the
kingship of Ireland
after the last battle of Mag Tuired, and there
were twenty-seven years
between the battles.
61, Then Eochu Ollathair, the great Dagda, son
of Elada, was eighty years in
the kingship of Ireland. His three sons were Oengus
and Aed and
Cermat Coem; the three sons of Dian Cecht, Cu
and Cethen and Cian.
62. Dian Cecht had three sons, Cu, Cehten and
Cian. Miach was the fourth
son though many do not reckon him. His daughter
was Etan the
Poetess, and Airmed the she-leech was the other
Coirpre, son of Etan was the poet. Crichinbel
and Bruidne and Casmael
were the three satirists. Be Chuille and Dianann
were the two she-
The three sons of Cermad son of The Dagda were
Mac Cuill, Mac Cecht,
Mac Griene: Sethor and Tethor and Cethor were
their names. Fotla
and Banba and Eriu were their three wives.
Fea and Nemaind were the two wives of Net, a quo
Flidais, of whom is the "Cattle of Flidais"; her
four daughters were
Argoen and Be Chuille and Dinand and Be Theite.
The two royal oxen were Fea and Femen, of whom
are the Plain of Fea
and the Plain of Femen. Those were two faithful
Torc Triath was king of the boars, from whom is
Mag Treitherne. Cirba
was king of the wethers, from whom is Mag Cirba.
Math son of Umor
was the druid.
Badb and Macha and Anand, of whom are the Paps
of Anu in Luachar
were the three daughters of Ernmas the she-farmer.
Goibniu the smith, Luicne the carpenter, Creidne
the wright, Dian Cecht
63, Delbaeth after The Dagda, ten years in the
kingship of Ireland, till he
fell, with his son Ollom, at the hands of Caicher
s. Nama, frater of
Nechtan. Fiacha s. Delbaeth took the kingship
of Ireland after his
father, other ten years, till he fell, along with
Ai s. Ollom, at the hands
of Eogan Inbir. Twenty-nine years had the grandsons
of The Dagda in
the kingship of Ireland, to wit Mac Cuill, Mac
Cecht, and Mac Greiene:
they divided Ireland into three parts. To them
came the Gaedil to
Ireland, so that they fell by the hands of three
sons of Mil, avenging
Ith, Cuailnge, and Fust, of the three sons of
64, Nuadu Airgetlam s. Echtach s. Etarlam s. Ordam
s. Aldui s. Tat s. Tavarn
s. Enda s. Baath s. Ebath s. Bethach s. Iarbonel
s. Nemed s. Agnomain
s. Pamp s. Tat s. Sera s. Sru s. Esru s. Braimend
s. Rathacht s.
Magoth s. Iafeth s. Noe.
Neit s. Indui s. Alldui s. Tat
Fiachna s. Delbaeth s. Ogma s. Elada s. Delbaeth
Ai s. Ollam s. Delbaeth s. Ogma s. Elada.
Lug s. Cian s. Dian Cecht s. Esarg s. Net s. Indui
s. Alldui, he is the
first who brought chess-play and ball-play and
assembling into Ireland, unde quidam cecinit
Lug son of Ethliu, a cliff without a wrinkle,
with him there
first came a lofty assembly: after the coming
of Christ, it
is no idle proclamation Conchobar the wise and
Caicher and Nechtan, the two sons of Nama s. eochu
Garb s. Dui Temen
s. Bres s. Delbaeth s. Net.
Siugmall s. Corpre Crom s. Eremair s. Delbaeth
Oengus mac Oc nad Aed Caem and Cermait Milbel,
those are the three
sons of the Dagda.
Corpre the poet s. Tuar s. Tuirell s. Cait Conaichend
s. Orda s. Alldui
Galia s. Oirbsen s. Elloth s. Elada s. Delbaeth
Orbsen was the name of Manannan at first, and
from him is named Loch
Orbsen in Connachta. When Manannan was being buried,
it is then the
lake burst over the land, [through the burial].
The six sons of Delbaeth s. Ogma s. Elada s. Delbaeth
s. Net, were
Fiachra, Ollam, Indui, Brian, Iucharba, Iuchar.
Donann the daughter of
the same Delbaeth was mother of the three last,
Brian, Iucharba and
Iuchar. These were the three gods of Danu, from
whom is named the
Mountain of the Three gods. And that Delbaeth
had the name Tuirell
Tuirill s. Cait moreover was the grandfather of
Corpre the poet, and
Etan d. Dian Cecht was mother of that Tuirill.
The three sons of Cermait, moreover, ut diximus;
Mac Cuill - Sethor,
the hazel his god; Mac Cecht - Tethor, the ploughshare
his god; Mac
Greine - Cethor, the sun his god. Fotla was wife
of Mac Cecht, Banba
of Mac Cuill, Eriu of Mac Greine. Those were the
three daughters of
Fiachna son of Delbaeth. Ernmas daughter of Etarlam
Airgetlam was mother of those three women, and
mother of Fiachna and
Ernmas had other three daughters, Badb and Macha
whose name was Anand. Her three sons were Glon
and Gaim and Coscar.
Boind daughter of Delbaeth s. elada.
Fea and Neman, the two wives of Net s. Indiu,
two daughters of Elemar
of the Brug.
Uillend s. Caicher s. Nuadu Airgetlam.
Bodb of the Mound of Femen, s. Eochu Gab s. Dui
Temen s. Bres s.
Elada s. Delbaeth s. Net.
Abean s. Bec-Felmas s. Cu s. Dian Cecht, the poet
En s. Bec-En s. Satharn s. Edleo s. Alda s. Tat
At Tat s. Tabourn the choice of the Tuatha De
Danann unite. Of
that the historian sang -
Ireland with pride, with weapons, hosts spread
ancient plain, westward to the sunset were they
plunderers, her chieftains of destruction around
Thirty years after Genand goblin hosts took the
land; a blow to the vanquished People of Bags
visit of the Tuatha De Danann.
It is God who suffered them, though He restrained
they landed with horror, with lofty deed, in their
mighty combat of spectres, upon a mountain of
Without distinction to descerning Ireland, Without
ruthless course the truth was not known beneath
of stars, whether they were of heaven or of earth.
If it were diabolic demons the black-cloaked agitating
expedition, it was sound with ranks, with hosts:
if of men,
it was the proteny of Bethach.
Of men belonging to law (is) the greeborn who
strong seed: Bethach, a swift warrior-island (?)
Iarbonel son of Nemed.
They cast no assembly or justice about the place
of Fal to
the sunset: there was fire and fighting at last
The Tuatha De, it was the bed of a mighty one,
People of Bags fought for the kingship: in their
abundance of pride, troops of hundreds of thousands
The sons of Elada, glory of weapons, a wolf of
against a man of plunder: Bres from the Brug of
wise utterance, Dagda, Delbaeth, and Ogma.
Eriu, though it should reach a road-end, Banba,
Fea, Neman of ingenious versicles, Danann, mother
Badb and Macha, greatness of wealth, Morrigu -
craftiness, sources of bitter fighting were the
daughters of Ernmas.
Goibniu who was not impotent in smelting, Luichtne,
free wright Creidne, Dian Cecht, for going roads
healing, Mac ind Oc, Lug son of Ethliu.
Cridinbel, famous Bruinde, Be Chuille, shapely
Casmael with bardism of perfecdtion, Coirpre son
The grandsons of the Dagda, who had a triple division
divided Banba of the bugle-horns; let us tell
princes of excellence of hospitality, the three
Cermat of Cualu.
Though Ireland was multitudes of thousands they
her land into thirds: great chieftains of deeds
Mac Cuill, Mac Cecht, Mac Greine.
He swept them clean from their land, did the Son
from the royal plain which I make manifest: for
valour of their deeds, of their clear division,
their seed is
not over Ireland.
It is Eochu without enchantment of leapings who
the distinction of his good quatrains; but knowledge
warriors when he relates it, though he enumerates
he adores them not.
Adore ye the name of the King who measured you,
apportions every truth which he (Eochu) narrates:
hath released every storm which we expect, who
fashioned the pleasant land of Ireland.
The Tuatha De Danann under obscurity, a people
covenant of religion; whelps of the wood that
withered, people of the blood of Adam's flesh.
Nobles yonder of the strong people, people of
summit, let us relate, in the course in which
we are, their
periods in their kingdom.
A space of seven years oq Nuadu noble-stately
fair-haired compnay, the rule of the man large-breasted,
flaxen-maned, before his coming into Ireland.
In Mag Tuired, heavy with doom, where fell a champion
the battle, from the white defender of the world
of princedom was lopped off
Seven years of Bres, which was not a white space,
its fair prospect for the song-abbot, in the princedom
the plain, generous in nuts, till the arm of Nuadu
Nuadu after that twenty years, he brought the
a-hosting, till Lug the spear-slaughterous was
made king -
the many-crafted who cooled not.
Forty to Lug - it was balanced -in the kingship
Palace of Banba; he reached no celestial bed of
eighty to The Dagda.
Ten years to vehement Delbaeth till one wise in
royal (?) arrived, faultness over the brink of
the ocean -
ten other to Fiachna.
Twenty-nine years, I have proclaimed it, over
land of Ireland, in the kingdom over Banba eduringly
had the grandons of The Dagda skilled in denseng.
Thereafter the sons of Mil came, they arrived
them -children of the great hero who burst out
without growing cold.
Till the deedful Gaedil wounded them, without
through their cunning, it is not a matter of fable
folly that small was the weakness of the Tuatha.
Fland Mainstrech cecinit
Hearken, ye sages without sorrow, if it be your
will that I
relate the deaths yonder, with astuteness, of
the choie of
the Tuatha De Danann.
Edleo son of Alldai yonder, the first man of the
Danann who fell in virgin Ireland, by the hand
grandson of Semeon.
Ernams, high her valour, fell, Fiachra, Echtach,
Tuirill Picreo of Baile Breg in the first batle
Elloth with battle fell -the father, great and
Manannan -and perfect, fair Donand, at the hands
Domnand of the Fomoraig.
Cethen of Cu died of horror in Aircheltra; Cian
his home did Brian, Iucharba dn Iuchar slay.
Of a stroke of the pure sun died Cairpre the great,
Etan: Etan died over the pool of sorrow for white-headed
In Mag Tuired, it was through battle Nuadu Airgetlam
and Macha - that was after Samain -by the hand
Ogma fell, without being weak at the hands of
of De Domnann: breasted Casmael the good fell
hands of Oichtriallach son of Indech.
Now of painful plague died Dian Cecht and Goibnenn
smith: Liughne the wright fell along with them
by a strong
Creidne the pleasant artificer was drowned on
the sinister pool, fetching treasures of noble
Ireland from Spain.
Bress died in Carn ui Neit by the treachery of
no fullness of falsehood: for him it was a cause
indeed drinking bog-stuff in the guise of milk.
De Chuille and faithful Dianann, both the farmeresses
an evening with druidry, at the last, by gray
He fell on the strand eastward in the trenches
Ailig, Did Indui the great, son of pleasant Delbaith,
hands of Gann, a youth bold, white-fisted.
Fea, lasting was his fame, died at the end of
a month after
his slaying at the same stronghold - we think
it fitting -
for sorrow for Indui the white-haired.
Boind died at the combat at the wellspring of
the son of
noble Nechtan: Aine daughter of the Dagda died
love that she gave to Banba.
Cairpre fell - remember thou! by the hand of Nechtan
of Nama: Nechtan fell by the poison at the hands
Sigmall, grandson of Free Midir.
Abean son of cold Bic-felmais, the bard of Lug
victory, he fell by the hand of Oengus without
front of Midir of mighty deeds.
Midir son if Indui yonder fell by the hand of
Elemar, fit for fight, at the hands of Oengus
Brian, Iucharba, and Iuchar there, the three gods
Tuatha De Danann were slain at Mana over the bright
by the hand of Lug son of Ethliu.
Cermait son of the divine Dagda Lug ... (?) wounded
was a sorrow of grief upon the plain in the reign
Cermat Milbel the mighty fell at the hands of
son of Ethliu, in jealousy about his wife, great
concerning whom the druid lied unto him.
by the hand of Mac Cecht without affection the
moreover Lug fell over the wave, by the hand of
son of Cermat.
Aed son of The Dagda fell at the hands of Corrchend
fair, of equal valour; without deceit, it was
a desire of
strictness, after he had gone to his wife iniquitously.
Corrcend from Cruach fell -the harsh very swift
by the stone which he raised on the strand over
of shamefaced Aed.
Cridinbel squiting and crooked fell -the chief
of the Tuatha De Danann -of the gold which he
the idle Bann, by the hand of The Dagda, grandson
As he came from cold Alba he, the son of The Dagda
ruddy form, at the outlet of Boinn, over here,
The only son of Manannan from the bay, the first
the aged woman, the tender youth fell in the plain
hands of Idle Bennan, on the plain of Breg.
Net son of Indui and his two wives, Badb and Neman
without deceit, were slain in Ailech without blame
Nemtuir the Red, of the Fomoraig.
Fuamnach the white (?) who was wife of Midir,
Bri without faults, In Bri Leith, it was full
were burnt by Manannan.
The son of Allot fell, with valour, the rich treasure,
Manannan, in the battle in harsh Cuillend by the
Uillend of the red eyebrows.
Uillend with pride fell at the hands of Mac Greine
pure victory: the wife of the brown Dagda perished
plague of the slope in Liathdruim.
The Dagda died of a dart of gore in the Brug -
it is no
falsehood -wherewith the woman Cethlenn gave him
hurt, in the great battle of Mag Tuired.
Delbaeth and his son fell at the hands of Caicher,
noble son of Nama: Caicher fell at the idle Boinn,
hands of Fiachna son of Delbaeth.
Fiacha and noble Ai fell before sound Eogan of
Eogan of the cold creek fell before Eochaid the
hard as iron.
Eochaid of knowledge fell thereafter at the hands
and of Labraid: Labraid, Oengus, Aed, fell at
the hands of
Cermat of form all fair.
Eriu and Fotla with pride, Mac Greine and Banba
victory, Mac Cuill, Mac Cecht with purity in the
Temair of clear wave.
Mac Cecht at the hands of noble Eremon: Mac Cuill,
perfect Eber: Eriu yonder, at the hands of Suirge
thereafter: Mac Greine of Amorgen.
Fotla at the hands of Etan with pride, of Caicher,
with victory, Whatever the place wherein they
are the deaths of the warriors; hear ye.
Those are the adventures of the Tuatha De Danann.
[I have been unable to locate the R1 redaction
of the final
section of the Lebor Gabala Erren as published
by the Irish
Texts Society. The following tract is a much later
by O'Clery - but it does give the end of the tale,
in which the
Sons of Mil sail to Ireland, conquer the Tuatha
and divide the island between themselves.]
After the death of Mil, as we have said, Emer
Donn and Eremon,
his two sons, took rule and chief government of
There was a father's brother of Mil, Ith son of
them; he was expert and accomplished in knowledge
learning. Once when Ith, of a clear winter's evening
was on top
of Bregan's Tower, contemplating and looking over
quarters of the world, it seemed to him that he
saw a shadow and
a likeness of a land and lofty island far away
from him Me went
back to his brethren, and told them what he had
seen; and said
that he was mindful and desirous of going to see
the land the had
appeared to him. Breg son of Bregan said that
it was no land he
had seen but clouds of heaven, and he was hindering
going on that expedition. Ith did not consent
to stay, however.
Then Ith brought his ship on the sea, and came
his son Lugaid son of Ith, and others of his people
in it. They
sailed toward Ireland, and their adventures on
sea are not
related, save only that they took harbor in Bentracht
Itha. The neighbors went to the shore to interview
them, and each
of them told news to the other in the Irish language.
them the name of the land to which he had come,
and who was in
authority over it. "Inis Elga," they said; "Mac
Cuill, Mac Cecht, and Mac Greine are the names
It happened in that day that there were many chieftains
nobles o Ireland in Ailech Neid, making peace
between Mac Cuill
and his brethren; for they said that he had an
excess of the
goods of Fiachna son of Delbaeth, who had died
Ith heard that, he went with his son and with
two-thirds of his
people to Ailech. The kings welcomed him when
he reached the
assembly, and after he was a while among them,
they told him the
matter about which they were in opposition and
them. And he said to them:
"Do just righteousness. It is fitting for you
a good brotherhood. It is right for you to have
disposition. Good is the land and the patrimony
plenteous her harvest, her honey, her fish, her
wheat, and her
other grain. Moderate her heat and her cold. All
sufficient for you is in her." Then he took farewell
and went to his ship.
The nobles plotted to kill him, in jealousy for
for the testimony of praise he gave to their island;
sent a great number to follow him, so that he
was wounded to
death in Mag Itha, and from him the plain took
its name. He
reached his ship wounded and bleeding, by the
valor and bravery
of his people; and he died with them in his ship
on the sea.
Then they reached Spain and showed the body of
Ith to his
brethren, and they were anguished and sorrowful
at his dying
thus. Then the sons of Mil and the posterity of
Gaedel in general
thought it was fitting and proper for them to
go and avenge their
brother on the Tuatha De Danann. They decided
on this at last:
they collected their warriors and their men of
valor from every
place where they were, through the lands and the
they were in one place in Brigantia, numerous
assembled. Then the sons of Mil, with their brethern
and their people in general, brought their ships
on the sea to go
to Ireland to avenge their bad welcome on the
Tuatha De Dannann.
Three score and five ships was the number of the
forty chiefs the number of their leaders, with
Donn son of Mil at
their head. These are the names of their chiefs.
Emer Donn ,Eremon,Eber Finn, Ir, Amergin, Colptha,
Erannan, Muimne, Luigne, Laigne, Palap, Er. Orba,
Eber son if Ir, Brega, Cuala, Cooley, Blad, Fuad,
Eblinne, Nar, Lugaid, Lui, Bile, Buas, Bres, Buaigne,
Caicer, Suirge, En, Un, Etan, Sobairce, Sedga,
To commemorate the names of those chiefs and leaders,
said; Flann Mainistrech (Poet died A.D.1056) composed
The chiefs of the voyage over the sea
By which the sons of Mil came,
I have in recollection during my life,
Their names without lie.
Donn Eremon, noble Emer,
Ir, Amergin without [partiality,
Colptha, Airech, Febra the keen,
Erannan, Muimme fine and smooth.
Luigne, Laigne, Palap the lucky,
Er. Orba Feron, Fergin,
Eber son if Ir. Brega, I shall say,
Cuala, Cualgne, Blad rough and strong.
Fuad and Muirthemne with fame,
Eblinne, Nar, Buas with battle,
Bres, Buaigne, and Fulman.
Mantan, Caicer, slender Suirge,
En, Un and rigid Etan,
Sobairce, Sedga of spears,
And Goisten the champion.
The conquered noble Ireland
Against the Tuatha De of great magic,
In vengeance for Ith of the steeds-
Thirty, ten, and one chieftain.
As for the sons of Mil, they sailed in a great
the sea to Ireland, and did not pause in the course
saw at a distance the island from the sea. And
when they saw
Ireland, their warriors made a contention of rowing
to their utmost in their eagerness and anxiety
to reach it; so
that Ir son of Mil advanced a wave before every
other ship by
reason of his strength and valor. So Eber Donn
son of Mil, the
eldest of them, was jealous and said:
It is no good deed
Ir before Ith to proceed-
That is before Lugaid son of Ith, for Lugaid had
Ith. Then the oar that was in the hand of Ir split,
so that Ir
fell backwards across the thwart and broke his
back there He died
on the following night, and they preserved his
body so long as
they were on the sea, and buried it afterwards
in Scellic of
Irras Desceirt of Corco Dibne. Sorrowful were
Eremon, Eber Finn
and Amergin at the death of their brother; and
they said, as it
were out of one mouth, it was right that Eber
Donn should not
enjoy the land about which he was envious of his
brother, that is
The sons of Mil advanced to a landing in Inber
Tuatha De Danann did not allow them to come to
the land there,
for they had not held parley with them. By their
caused it to appear to the sons of Mil that the
region was no
country or island, territory or land at all, in
front of them.
They encircled Ireland three times, till at last
they took the
harbor at Inber Scene; a Thursday as regards the
day of the week,
on the day before the first of May, the seventeenth
day of the
moon; the Year of the World 3500.
Then they came at the end of three days thereafter
Mis. Banba met them in Sliab Mis, with the hosts
of druidry and
cunning. Amergin asked her name. " Banba," said
"and it is from my name that Banba is given as
a name for
this country." And she asked a petition from them,
name should remain always on the island. That
was granted to her.
Then they had converse with Fodla in Eblinne,
and the poet
Amergin asked her name of her in like manner.
said she, "and from me is the land named." And
prayed that her name might remain on it, and it
was granted to
her as she requested. They held converse with
Eriu in Usnech of
Mide. She said to them, "Warriors," said she,
welcome to you. It is long since your coming is
will be the island forever. There is not better
island in the
world. No race will be more perfect than your
"Good is that," said Anergin,
"Not to her do we give thanks for it," said Donn,
"but to our gods and to our power."
"It is naught to thee," said Eriu; "thou shat
have no gain of this island nor will thy children.
A gift to me,
O sons of Mil and the children of Bregan, that
my name may be
upon this island!"
"It will be its chief name for ever," said Amergin,
The Gaedels went to Tara. No Drum Cain was its
name at that
time among the Tuatha De Danann, Liathdruim was
its name among
the Fir Bolg. There were there kings before them
namely, Mac Cuill, Mac Cecht and Mac Greine. The
sons of Mil
demanded a battle or kingship or judgment from
They adjudged to the sons of Mil that they should
possession of the island to the end of nine days
,to depart, or
to submit, or to prepare for battle. "If my advice
carried out," said Donn son of Mil, "it is a battle
would be." The sons of Mil did not grant the respite
sought to the Tuatha De Danann..
"We give," said the kings, "the judgment of
your own poets to you, for if they give a false
us they will die on the spot."
"Give the judgment, Amergin; "said Donn.
"Speak it," said Amergin. "Let the land be left
to them till we come again to take it by force."
"Whither shall we go?" said Eber Donn.
"Over nine waves," said Amergin; and he said this:
The men you have found are in possession:
Over the nine green-necked waves
Of the sea advance ye:
Unless by your power then be planted,
Quickly let the battle be prepared.
I assign the possession
Of the land ye have found:
If ye love concede this award,
If ye love not concede it not-
It is I that say this to you.
" If it were my counsel that were followed," said
Donn son of Mil, "battle it would be." Nevertheless
sons of Mil went by the advice and judgment of
Liathdruim to Inber Scene, the place where they
had left their
ships, and passed over nine waves. "Let us trust
powers," said the druids, " that they may never
Ireland." With that the druids cast druidic winds
them, so great was the story; so that the storm
westward in the ocean until they were weary. "A
is that," said Donn son of Mil. "It is indeed
Amergin, "unless it be higher than the mast; find
out for us
if it be so." Erannan the youngest son of Mil
went up the
mast, and said that it was not over them. With
that he fell on
the planks of the ship from the mast, so that
they shattered his
"A shame to our men of learning is it," said Donn,
"not to suppress the druidic wind."
"No shame it shall be," said Amergin, rising up;
I invoke the land of Ireland.
Much-coursed be the fertile sea,
Fertile be the fruit-strewn mountain,
Fruit-strewn be the showery wood,
Showery be the river of water-falls,
Of water-falls be the lake of deep pools,
Deep pooled be the hill-top well,
A well of the tribes be the assembly,
An assembly of the kings be Tara,
Tara be the hill of the tribes,
The tribes of the sons of Mil,
Of mil be the ships the barks,
Let the lofty bark be Ireland,
Lofty Ireland Darkly sung,
An incantation of great cunning;
The great cunning of the wives of Bres,
The wives of Bres of Buaigne;
The great lady Ireland,
Eremon hath conquered her,
Ir, Eber have invoked for her.
I invoke the land of Ireland.
Immediately a tranquil calm came to them on the
sea. Said Donn,
"I will put under the edge of spears and swords
that are in the land now, only let me land." The
increased on them thereupon, so that it separated
from them the
ship in which was Donn; and he was drowned at
Twenty-four warriors of valor, twelve women, and
mercenaries, with their folk are the number that
with Donn in that ship. After that Donn was buried
Dumacha; so that from him "Tech Duin" is called,
there is his own gravemound and the gravemound
of everyone who
was drowned of the chieftains of his people with
him, in that
place. Now Dil daughter of Mil, Eremon buried
her, " for the
love he had for her, so that he said in putting
a sod on her,
" This is a sod on a "dear one" (dil)"said
he. These are the chieftains who were drowned
with Donn at that
time: Bile son of Brige, Airech Febra, Buss, Bres,
and Buagne. Ir
was buried in Scellic of Irras, as we have said
died in the creek after going to contemplate the
wind, and after
breaking his bones on the deck. Eight chieftains
losses among their nobles up to then.
In the night in which the sons of Mil came to
Ireland was the
burst of Loch Luigdech over the land in West Munster.
son of Ith was bathing in the lake and Fial daughter
of Mil his
wife was bathing in the river that flows out of
the lake, Lugaid
went to the place where was the woman, he being
naked; and when
she looked on him thus she died of shame at once,
and from her is
named the river with its creek. Downcast was Lugaid
woman's death, so that he said:
Sit we here over the strand,
Stormy the cold;
Chattering in my teeth,--a great tragedy
Is the tragedy that has reached me.
I tell you a woman has died
Whom fame magnifies'
Fial her name, from a warrior's nakedness
Upon the clean gravel.
A great death is the death that has reached me,
Harshly prostrated me;
The nakedness of her husband, she looked upon
Who rested here.
Six woman of their nobles were their losses on
the sea and
land from their setting out from Spain till then.
These are their
names; Buan wife of Bile; Dil wife of Donn; Scene,
woman-satirist, wife of Amergin White-Knee (she
died with them on
the sea while they were coming to Ireland; so
that Amergin said,
"The harbor where we land, the name of Scene will
it". That was true, for from her is named Inber
wife of Lugaid son of Ith; the wife of Ir and
the wife of
Muirthemne son of Bregan, were the other two.
When the sons of Mil reached the land in the creek
mentioned, and when they had buried the troop
of their nobles who
had died of them, Eremon and Eber Finn divided
the fleet with
their chieftains and servants in two between them.
Eremon sailed with thirty ships, keeping Ireland
on his left
hand, and he landed in Inber Colptha. These are
that were with him: Eber son if Ir, Amergin the
Muimne,Luigne, laigne, Brega, Muirthemne, Fuad,
Goisten, Sedga, Suirge, and Sobairce. The three
champions. These are the slaves that were with
Eremon: Aidne, Ai,
Asal, Mide, Cuib, Cera, Ser, Slan, Ligen, Dul,
On putting his right foot on the shore at Inber
was then Amergin spoke this rhapsody:
I am a wind on the sea
I am a wave of the ocean
I am the roar of the sea,
I am a powerful ox,
I am a hawk on a cliff,
I am a dewdrop in the sunshine,
I am a boar for valor,
I am a salmon in pools,
I am a lake in a plain,
I am the strength of art,
I am a spear with spoils that wages battle,
I am a man that shapes fire for a head.
Who clears the stone-place of the mountain?
What the place in which the setting of the sun
Who has sought peace without fear seven times?
Who names the waterfalls?
Who brings his cattle from the house of Tethra?
What person, what god Forms weapons in a fort?
In a fort that nourishes satirists,
Chants a petition, divides the Ogam letters,
Separates a fleet, has sung praises?
A wise satirist.
He sang afterwards to increase fish in the creeks:
Burst of fish-
Fish under wave-
With courses of birds--
A white wall--
With hundreds of salmon-
A port song-
A burst of fish.
As for Eber Finn son of Mil, he stayed in the
thirty ships with him, until they came in the
hosts of the
battles that were fought between them and the
Tuatha De Danann.
These are the chieftains that were with Eber;
Lugaid son of Ith,
Er. Orba, Feron, Fegana the four sons of Eber,
Ebleo, Nar, En, Un Etan, Caicher, Mantan, Fulman.
last,-En, Un, etc. Were champions. These are the
slaves that were
with him; Adar, Aigne, Deist, Deala, Cliu, Morba,
Femen, Feara, Meda, and Obla.
When the sons of Mil reached their landing-place
they made no
delay until they reached Sliab Mis; and the battle
of Sliab Mis
was fought between them and the Tuatha De Danann,
and the victory
was with the sons of Mil. Many of the Tuatha De
killed in that battle. It is there that Fas wife
of Un son of
Uicce fell, from whom is named Glen Faise. Scota
wife of Mil fell
in the same valley; from her is named " Scota's
between Sliab Mis and the sea. The sons of Mil
went afterwards to
Tailltiu, and another battle was fought between
them and the
Tuatha De Danann there. Vehemently and whole-heatedly
fought, for they were from morning to evening
bonehewing , and mutilating one another; till
the three kings and
the three queens of Ireland fell there- Mac Cecht
by Eremon, Mac
Cuill by Eber Finn, Mac Greine by Amergin, Eriu
by Suyirge, Banba
by Caicer, and Fodla by Etan. Those were the deaths
chiefs and princes. After that the Tuatha De Danann
to the sea and the sons of Mil and their host
were a long time
following the rout. There fell, however two noble
chiefs of the
people of the sons of Mil in inflicting the rout,
namely, Fuad in
Sliab Fuait, and Cualgne in Sliab Cualgne, together
warriors besides, who fell together on both sides.
Tuatha De Danann were crushed and expelled in
the battles that
were fought between them, the sons of Mil took
the lordship of
After that there arose a contention between the
sons of Mil
about the kingship, that is between Eremon and
Eber, so that
Amergin was brought to make peace between them.
He said that the
inheritance of the eldest, of Donn, should go
to the youngest, to
Eremon, and his inheritance to Eber after him;
Eber did not
accept that, but insisted on dividing Ireland.
Eremon agreed to
do so. Accordingly Ireland was divided in two
between them, the
northern half to Eremon, from Srub Brain to the
southern half to Eber, from the Boyne to Tonn
Clidna. There were
five chieftains in the division of each of them.
first, Amergin, Sedga, Goisten, Suirge, and Sobairce.
Now in that
year these forts were dug by Eremon and his people:
Beothaig, above the Nore in Argat Ros; Rath Oinn,
territory of Cula, by Eremon; the Causeway of
Inber Mor, in the
territory of Ui Enechglais, by Amergin; the building
of Dun Nair,
in Sliab Modoirn, by Goisten; the building of
Dun Delginnse, in
the territory of Cuala, by Sedga; the building
of his fort by
Sobairce in Morbolg of Dal Riada; the building
of Dun Edar by
Suirge. These are the forts built by Eber and
chieftains that were with him: Etan, Un, Mantan,
Caicer were his five chieftains. Rath Uaman, in
Leinster, was dug
by Eber; Rath Arda Suird by Etan son of Uicce;
the building of
Carrig Blaraige by Mantan; the building of Carrig
Fethnaide by Un
son of Uicce; the building of Dun Ardinne by Caicer;
of Rath Riogbard, in Muiresc,by Fulman.
So that for the commemoration of certain of the
matters this was said:
Expeditions of the sons of Mil over sea
From Spain of clear ships,
They took , it is no deed of falsehood,
The battle-plain of Ireland in one day.
This is the tale that they went
on sea, With multitude of wealth and people,
To a brave show God brought them,
With sixty-five choice vessels.
They landed at the noble creek
Which is called the White Rampart;
It was a cause of sickness, and attempt without
From the sight of the warrior Lugaid.
From thence it is from that out
The creek of Fail of generous bands;
From the day she died in white Banba--
Fial daughter of Mil of Spain.
At the end of three days, brilliant preparation,
The Tuatha De fought
The battle of Sliab Mis, --glory that was not
Against the great sons of Mil.
They won, a saying without reproach,
The battle against fair-headed Banba,
Where died Fas woven in verse,
With the very fair daughter of Pharaoh.
Before the end of a year, it was lasting fame,
Among the chieftains of the heavy hosts,
Into twice six divisions, a pleasant course,
They afterwards divided Ireland.
Over the north side a progress without sorrow,
Eremon was taken as high prince;
From Srub Brain, which verses adorn,
Every tribe to the Boyne.
These are the five guardians of control
Whom he accepted to accompany him;
Amergin, Sedga also, Goisten, Sobairce,
Eber, son of Mil grace-abounding,
takes the southern half,
From the eternal Boyne, choice the share,
To the wave of the daughter of Genann.
These are the five, with hundreds of exploits,
The chiefs who were subordinate to him;
Etan, and Un of joyous rule,
Mantan, Fulman, and Caicer.
In this same year
The royal forts were dug,
By the sons of Mil,--honor of pledges,
After the full division of Ireland's island.
Rath Oinn, Rath Beothaig here,
By Eremon in Argat Ros;
In Sliab Mis, after a series of omens,
The building of Dun Nair by Goisten.
Suirge wide-extended, who displayed valor,
Built the high Dun Edar;
And the sounding, glorious achievement,
Of his fort by Sobairce.
By Eber of bright valor, was dug
Rath Uaman in the plain of Leinster;
Rath Arda Suird, it enriched him,
Was dug by Etan son of Uicce.
Rath Carraig Fetha thus,
Was made by Un son of Uicce;
And by Mantan,--glorious deed,
The founding of Carrig Blaraige.
Rath Rigbard in good Muiresc,
Very keen Fulman built it;
Caicer of battles, a pleasant fulfilment,
Took Dun Inne in the west of Ireland.
These are their deeds of valor,
Of the clear, glorious, great royal host;
It was a great achievement, after battle , without
Theirs was every profit, every expedition.
Of the adventures of the Gaedels from the time
when they went
from Scythia till they took Ireland and the division
between them, with their chieftains, the poet
son of Ugaine Mor said to Mal son of Ugaine his
brother, when Mal
questioned him: "Sing thy description in the great
of Ireland, O Roigne," Roigne answered him and
O noble son of Ugaine,
How does one arrive at knowledge of Ireland,
The conquest of its company?
Before they overflowed Scythia
They reached the host-king of Shinar;
They approached Egypt,
Where Cingeris was extinguished,
So that a great troop was destroyed,
Who died in the Red Sea.
They flowed through a space very faithful,
With Pharaoh fought;
Niul contracts with Scota,
The conception of our fathers.
They took the name "Gaedels,"
The name "Scots" spreads,
The fair daughter of Pharaoh.
They overspread lands,
Burst into Scythia,
Determined long combat--
The Children of Nel and Noenbal.
Golam was a young lord,
Who slew the son of Neman,
Escaped to Egypt,
Where was Nectanebus.
Pharaoh was welcoming
To Golam; gave
A marriage Nectanebus,
Scota was at cot's head;
A name was changed from them.
They advanced past Africa,
Good was the man under whom they trembled;
Fenius Farsad, the keen,
Well he spread for us a lasting name.
They approached Spain,
Where was born a numerous progeny,
Donn, Airech, Amergin,
Eber, Ir, Colptha himself,
The eight sons of Golam.
Mil's renown came upon them,
The sons of Mil wealthy;
Their scholars resolved,
The Men returned from the burial of Fial.
They divided Ireland,
In twice six, an inheritance of chieftains.
Seek the truth of every law,
Relate sharply the inquiry , O Son!
After Eremon and Eber had divided the chieftains,
they had two
distinguished artists who had come into their
company from the
east, namely, a poet and a harper. Cir son of
Cis was the poet,
Cennfinn the harper. They cast a lot on them to
know which of
them should be with each of them; so that, through
of the lot, the harper went southward to Eber
and thence melody
of music and harmony followed in the Southern
Half of Ireland.
The poet went to Eremon, and knowledge of poetry
followed him in the North ever after. To commemorate
this it was
The two sons of Mil, famous in dignity,
Took Ireland and Britain;
With them there followed hither
A gentle poet and a harper.
Cior son of Cis, the bright poet,
The name of the harper Cennfin;
With the sons of Mil, of bright fame,
The harper sounded his harp.
The princes, with many battles,
Took the kingdom of Ireland;
They did it with brightness, merry the sound,
Eber and Eremon.
They cast a lot swiftly
About the great men of art;
So that there fell to the lot of the southerner
The harper, just and fair.
Melody of music more beautiful than any company
Is from the southward in the south of Ireland;
It was thus it will be to the fortunate Judgment
With the famous seed of Eber.
There fell to the lot of the northerner
The man of learning with great excellence;
Hence the tribes who brought him boast
Knowledge of poetry and learning.