Concerning three things that hide: an open bag hides nothing, an open door hides little, an open person hides something.
Three errors not acknowledged: fear of an enemy, torment of love, and a jealous persons' evil suspicion of their mate.
Three possessions we value most take away pride from us: our money, our time, and our conscience.
Three things by nature cause their possessor to err: youth, prosperity, and ignorance.
Three things resemble each other: a bright sword which rusts from long staying in the scabbard, bright water which stinks
from long standing, and wisdom which is dead from long disuse.
Three things not easy to check: the stream of a cataract, an arrow from a bow, and a rash tongue.
Three things hard to catch: a stag on the mountain, a fox in the wood, and the coin of the miserly scrooge.
There are three things each very like the other: an old blind horse playing the harp with his hoofs, a pig in a silk dress,
and a merciless person prating about piety.
Three things as good as the best: bread and milk against hunger, a white coat against the cold, and a yeoman's son in a
Three things which are not hidden: a straw in the shoe, a awl in a bag, and a harlot in a crowd.
Three sweet things in the world: power, prosperity, and error in action.
Three strong things in the world: a lord, a fool, and the Void.
There are three things which move together as quickly the one as the other: lightning , thought , and the help of the Mighty
Three things not loved without each one it's companion: day without night, idleness without hunger, and wisdom without
There are three whose full reward can never be given to them: parents, a good teacher, and the Mighty Ones.
Three glories of a gathering: a comely mate, a good horse, and a swift hound.
Three things which constitute a healer: a complete cure, leaving no blemish behind, and a painless examination.
Three false sisters: "perhaps", "maybe", and "I dare say".
Three timid brothers: "Hush!" "Stop!" "Listen!"
Three youthful sisters: desire, beauty, and generosity.
Three aged sisters: groaning, chastity, and ugliness.
Three slender things that best support the world: the slender stream of milk from the cows dug into the pail; the slender
blade of green corn upon the ground; the slender thread over the hand of a skilled woman.
Three keys that unlock thoughts: drunkenness; trustfulness; love.
Three sounds of increase: the lowing of a cow in milk; the din of a smithy; the swish of a plow.
Three unbreathing things paid for only with breathing things: An apple tree, a hazel bush, a sacred grove.
Three things by which excellence is established: Taking all things in moderation with nothing in excess; abidance to oaths;
and acceptance of responsibility.
It is easier to determine the truth when these three prime evidences are existent: physical items which tell a story; trustworthy
witnesses which tell their story; and concurrence with known truths. .
Three things from which never to be moved: one's oaths; one's Gods; and the truth.
Three things which strengthen a person to stand against the whole world: Seeing the quality and beauty of truth; seeing
beneath the cloak of falsehood; and seeing to what ends truth and falsehood come.
There are three things excellent among worldly affairs: hating folly; loving excellence; and endeavoring constantly to
Three manifestations of humanity: Affectionate bounty; loving manner; and praiseworthy knowledge.
Three things which spring from following lawful goodness: universal love from the Wise; worldly sufficiency, and better
place in the life to come.
Three things without which there can be nothing good: truth; peace; and generosity.
Three beautiful beings of the world: the upright, the skillful, and the reasonable.
Three tendencies of a persons lifetime: hope, love, and joy.
Three things excellent for anyone: valor, learning, and discretion.
Three things must be united before good can come of them: thinking well, speaking well, and acting well.
Three things are becoming a person: knowledge, good deeds, and gentleness.
Three things it is everyone's duty to do: listen humbly, answer discreetly, and judge kindly.
Three things one should keep always before them: their worldly duty, their conscience, and the Laws of Nature.
Three sureties of happiness: good habits, amiability, and forbearance.
Three things without which there can be nothing good: truth, valor, and generosity.
Three marvelous deeds: to forgive a wrong done, to amend everything possible, and to refrain from injustice.
Three joys of the happy: avoidance of excess, peace, and loyalty.
Three antagonists of goodness: arrogance, passion, and covetousness.
Three rewards of those who learn to temper their emotions: experience, strength, and introspection.
Three things beside which the baneful cannot be: conformity to law, knowledge, and love.
Three things must wait long before they are attained: honesty from covetousness, wisdom from arrogance , and wealth from
Three things hard to obtain: cold fire, dry water, and lawful covetousness.
Three duties of the excellent person: to cherish their mate and children, to love their country, and to obey the laws of
Three manifestations of excellence : the honoring of parents, the respecting of the aged, and instructing the young; and
to this a fourth, defending of infancy and innocence.
Three reasons for supplicating to the Mighty Ones: because it is a pleasure to you, that you may be a friend of those who
are wise, and because your soul is immortal.
Three reasons to war against fault: to not do to others as you would not have them do to you , that you not be arrogant
, that you might always let the light of wisdom shine.
Three ways to lose excellence: to become a servant to one's passions, to not learn from the examples set by others, to
indulge to excess.
Three fair things that hide ugliness: good manners in the ill favored; skill in a common person; wisdom in misshapen.
Three candles that illume every darkness: truth, nature, and knowledge.
RESPECTING THE CONSCIENTIOUS PERSON:
There are three kingdoms of the happy: the world's good word, a cheerful conscience, and firm hope of the life to come.
Three leaderships of the happy: being good in service, good in disposition, and good in secrecy; and these are found united
only in those with a noble heart.
In three things a person may be as the Divine: justice , knowledge , and mercy.
Three things lovable in a person: tranquillity, wisdom, and kindness.
Three things excellent in a person: diligence, sincerity, and humility.
Three things which show a true human: a silent mouth, an incurious eye, and a fearless face.
Three companions on the high road to Union with the Void: a patient poor person, a reflective wise person, and a tolerant
Three who are loved by the Mighty Ones: the strong just person, the brave merciful person, the person generous without
Three things without which the protection of the Mighty Ones cannot be: forgiving an enemy and a wrong done, wisdom in
judgment and act; and cleaving to what is just, come what may.
There are three things to be commended in those that possess them: wisdom in talk, justice in actions, and excess in nothing.
RESPECTING THE REWARDS OF EXCELLENCE:
There are three things which the happy will gain: prosperity, honor, and the ease of conscience.
Three things which the humble will gain: plenty, happiness , and the love of their neighbors.
Three things which the sincere will gain: favor, respect, and prosperity.
Three things which the patient will gain: love, tranquillity, and succor .
Three things which the merciful will gain: favor, love, and the protection of the Mighty Ones.
Three things which the upright will gain: worldly sufficiency, peace of conscience, and unending happiness.
Three things which the industrious will gain: precedence , wealth , and praise from the Wise.
Three things which the law-abiding will gain: health, success, and honor.
Three things which the careful will gain: respect, plenty, and content.
Three things which the generous of heart will gain: joy from their profit, felicity in giving, and a better life to come.
Three things which the early riser will gain: health, wealth, and happiness.
ORIGINS OF WRONG DOING:
There are three companions of lawlessness: pride, envy, and rapine.
Three things hateful to the Mighty Ones and to human kind: a weak look, a deceitful tongue, and a mischievous spirit.
Three roots of every evil: covetousness, falsehood, and arrogance.
Three joys of the lawless: gluttony, fighting, and fickleness.
Three things which end ill: falsehood, envy, and guile.
Three bad tendencies in a person: pride without generosity, covetousness without justice, and anger without mercy.
Three chief evil qualities of people: sloth, deceit, and arrogance.
Three things pleasant to see: an unhappy person becoming happy, a miser becoming generous, and the lawless submitting to
Three chief things which deceive people: fair words, desire of gain, and ignorance.
Three things it is no worse to lose than to keep: wealth, youth, and love of the world.
There are three things: counsel , loss , shame; and they who have not the first will get the other two.
Three nourishment's of arrogance: recklessness, wealth, and excess.
Three things which attack the weakest: enemies, wealth, and pride.
Three things better forsaken by those who love them: sport, carousal, and strife.
Three things of which only the happy and wise beware: the breaking of oaths, drunkenness, and vanity.
Three things whose deficiency is not worse than their excess: festivity, wealth, and pleasure.
Three things which follow sloth: evil deeds, evil report, and evil end.
Three things odious in a person: ignorance, bad deeds, and perversity.
Three things unseemly for a person: to think themselves wise, to think another foolish, and to think their appearance what
Three chief corruption's of the world: sloth, pride, and extravagance.
Three things which afflict the world: envy, anger, and covetousness.
Three strange things in the world: loving war more than peace, loving excess more than sufficiency, and loving falsehood
more than truth.
RESPECTING THOSE GONE AMISS:
There are three people accursed: they who work against the Laws of Nature without concern, they who know nothing of the
Mighty Ones and do not seek to learn, and they who know much and do not share their knowledge with any other.
Three kinds of evil people: the traitor, the conspirator, and the slanderer.
Three people hateful to the Mighty Ones and to human kind: the liar, the thief, and the miserly scrooge.
Three kinds of people worthless to they who are just and honest: the drunkard, the perjurer, and the traitor.
Three kinds of people without the fear of the Mighty Ones: the traitor, the ravisher, and the miser.
Three chief attributes of a person likely to do wrong: an angry countenance, an arrogant spirit, and an insatiable covetousness.
Three marks of a thief: an inquisitive tongue, a curious eye and a fearful face.
Three things needful to one who has done wrong: to acknowledge their wrong, to seek to be upright, and to make restitution.
From three people keep yourself: the joyless, the mocker, and the one who laughs at lawless doings.
Three people easy to do without: they who do no benefit to any, they who bring no joy to any, and they who keep not peace
Three who are best when they are farthest off: the fulsome flatterer, the contentious slanderer, and the lying tale-bearer.
Three things which gain daily and seek continually: the sea, a drunkard, and a miser.
Three rude ones in the world: a youngster mocking an old person; a robust person mocking an invalid; a wise man mocking
Three signs of a fop: the track of his comb in his hair; the tract of his teeth in his food; the track of his stick behind
THE PROFITS OF THOSE
WHO HAVE GONE AMISS :
There are three things which those who do ill will gain: poverty, bad report, and a bad conscience.
Three things which the insincere will gain: evil life, evil report, and evil end.
Three things which the quarrelsome will gain: strife, shame, and neglect in their necessity.
Three things which the cruel obtain: torturing conscience, dispraise of the wise, and the wrath of the Mighty Ones.
Three things which the ill minded gain: hatred, strife, and sorrow.
Three things which the negligent will gain: shame, loss, and derision.
Three things which the miser obtains through their wealth: pain in gathering, care in keeping, and fear of losing.
Three things which the sluggard will gain: shame, disease, and misery.
RESPECTING WEALTH AND POVERTY:
There are three things a person will gain from acquiring wealth: hate between themselves and others, hate between they
and themselves, and hate between themselves and the Mighty Ones.
Three things that are the portion of the wealthy: more and more covetousness, more and more care, and less and less pleasure.
Three things which can come from just wealth: worldly abundance, brotherly charity, and national goodness; and from these
the favor of the Mighty Ones.
Three ways leading to poverty: gambling , gluttony , and harlotry.
Three things better than riches: health, freedom, and discretion.
Three things which a person will obtain from poverty: health , learning , and the protection of the Mighty Ones.
Three things which most profit a person: poverty, sickness, and children; for by possessing them they gain knowledge of
much truth that cannot be without them.
Three things as good to lose as to gain: extreme prosperity, extreme praise, and extreme dignity.
Three earthly losses which bring gain to the soul: loss of a friend, loss of health, and loss of riches.
MISCELLANEOUS WISDOM :
There are three kinds of people: the average person, who does good for good and evil for evil ; the good person, who does
good for evil ; and the evil doer, who does evil for good.
Three things gained by the endurance of the Cailleach: cleansing, purity, and renewal.
Three littles which do much harm: a little of bad disposition, a little of injustice, a little of negligence.
Three things , little of which shows much wisdom: little conceit, little covetousness, and little gossip.
Three littles which make great profit at the time: little of eating and drinking, little of care, and little of tongue.
Three things to be commended in anyone: their face proud, their discourse discreet, and their ways kind.
Three things which make a person wanton: beauty in their form, folly in their head, and conceit in their heart.
Three wrongful contentions: war for war, law for law, and reproach for reproach.
Three upright contentions: prudence for imprudence, favor for disfavor, and love for hatred.
In three things one will be an wrong doer: putting a snare in the way, frightening a little child, and laughing at wrongs
There are three falsehoods: a falsehood of speech, falsehood of silence, and falsehood of demeanor; for each one of these
will make another believe what they ought not.
Three losses which will bring gain in the end: loss of what is more than life needs, loss of bodily health, and loss of
what one prizes the most and above all.
Three gains which will turn to loss in the end: gaining fame for a harmful act, gaining wealth from injustice, and gaining
the upperhand in an evil strife.
THE ORDER OF SOCIETY:
There are three levels of society, and they who fill them are: the Fili' who are Aes Dana, the Ruada, who are
the warriors, and the Aire who are the free people who work husbandry.
The three degrees of Royalty: Righ, Ruiri, Ri' Ruirech
The three seats of the Ri' Ruirech are: Tara, Cruachain, Emain.
Three things which a kings Brughaid must provide without pay: lodging, food, and entertainment.
THE UNDERPINNINGS OF SOCIETY:
There are three foundations of law and custom: order, justice, and peace.
Three things which come from peace: increase of possessions, improvement of manners, and enlargement of knowledge.
THE BANES OF SOCIETY:
There are three things which lay waste the world: a king without counsel, a judge without conscience, and a
son without reverence.
Three monstrous things in the world: a youth without civility , a woman without dignity , and a man without
Three things which war against peace: a bad mate, bad soil, and a bad over-lord.
Three things which turn the world upside-down: a mates' dominance, a daughter's intemperance, and a son's ignorance.
RESPECTING LAND AND HUSBANDRY:
There are three beauties of a land: the granary, the smithy, and the school.
Three other beauties of the land: intelligent tillage, neighbors who agree, and conscientious rule.
Three things which make plenty in a land: planting trees, tilling the soil, and carding and spinning.
Three sustenance's of human kind: hunting, ploughing the land, and merchandise.
Three discontents of a husbandmen: a lazy servant, degenerate seed, and soil over-rich.
There are three things, and any who move them are accursed: the boundary of land, the course of water, and the
sign of a road or track.
THE RESPECTABLE CITIZEN:
There are three things which will make a person leader among their neighbors: wisdom, generosity , and wealth.
Three things which bring a person the love of their neighbors: to be a peacemaker, to be a helper, and to be
Three things which bring a person respect among their neighbors: supporting themselves, being wise in their
counsel, and being kind.
Three exertions becoming and praiseworthy for any person : tilling their soil, increasing their knowledge, and
growing in excellence.
Three who will be pleasing to the Mighty Ones: a faithful teacher, a good husbandmen, and a mediator in disputes.
Three goodly things among people: handicraft, husbandry, and scholarship.
Three things which follow every lawful person of exceeding excellence: a good name and report for themselves,
good instruction for the children where they are, and good progress in everything they undertake in act and deed.
Three for whom when they are alive only hatred is seen, and praise when they are dead: the peaceful wise person,
the truthful teacher, and the sincere friend who rebukes.
Three chief obligations of a person to their country and family: to gain possessions by diligence and integrity,
to profit their country and their kindred in all they do, and to seek lawful learning wherever they go.
Three things which the good poet preserves for posterity: memory of the praiseworthy, delight in thought, and
instruction in knowledge.
THE NOCUOUS CITIZEN:
There are three who are never profitable: they who marry by the counsel of their flesh, they who feast by the
counsel of their craving, and they who fight by the counsel of their rage.
Three things of less worth than all else: a woman without dignity, a man without knowledge, and a teacher without
Three things better than riches which happy people keep for their children and heirs: Instruction by reason,
instruction by example, and exhortation to act as he does because of the respect and praise it brings him.
Three things which will not benefit heirs: a miser's wealth, the praise of tavern companions, and feats of sport.
Three things which prolong the lifetime of a person: the soil which rears a child, the food which nourishes
a child, and play which diverts a child.
Three worldly honors, each one superior to every other: ploughing the family homestead, asserting a claim successfully,
and rearing children.
Three aims to the future: planting trees, improving handicraft, and rearing lawful children.
There are three things which mislead the world: the promises of masters, the garments of priests, and the seemliness
of a daughter.
Three things which deceive those who trust them: a paramour's promise, a serfs fidelity, and the season of youth.
Three things from which there is nothing but deceit: the love of the wanton, the innocence of dominion, and
the piety of one ill in bed.
Three things which ought not to be believed: an old persons dream, a paramour's oath, and a tale without authority.
Three things not easy to trust: a drover's oath, a paramour's promises, and a hunter's word about his dog.
People notable in three things: a miller in thieving, a preacher in begging, and a boaster in telling lies.
Three things hard to obtain: a grave tailor, an honest miller, and an ale-wife not covetous.
Three persons who desire their portion rich and savory: a cook, a concubine, and a kept priest.
Three things which do not profit the world by anything they do, whatever their fame for wisdom, art, and piety:
a grasping miser, a arrogant poet, and a kept priest.
Three chicks from one nest: a loquacious farmer, a logical poet, and a half-hearted divine.
Three kinds of contenders on the death of a powerful rich person: their detractors for their reputation, kinsmen
for their goods, and worms for their carcass.
Three things good in a miser's eyes: a brass-handled knife, much-patched shoes, and defaming the generous.
Three ways to know a person: by their discourse, their conduct, and their companions.
Three measuring-rods of every person: their dreams, their fears, and their unconcern.
Three hatreds which last for ever: between a mate and their step-children, between dogs and swine, and between
Cymry and Saxon.
Three things wrong for any to meddle with: the office of a lord, usury, and war.
Three things hard for any to do: cool the fire, dry the water and please the world.
Three things not easy to obtain when sought: a loan of money from a usurer, without interest; the pleading of
a case in court, without fee; and a dinner of rich food in a miser's house.
Three things which pervert just judgment: the love of friends, fear of the mighty, and desire of worldly goods.
Three things not easily found: an arrogant person generous, a young person wise, and an old person mannerly.
Three diversions which will surely bring trouble: hunting , war, and dallying with one who is younger.
Three things necessary to one who enters an inn: a strong head, a tough stomach, and a heavy purse.
Three things one gains in an Inn: entertainment which makes them poor, mirth which makes them do wrongly, and
joy which makes them sad.
Three kinds of liar, and there is none other like them: a lord lying for privilege, a priest for office, and
a woman for a son whom she loves.
MANIFOLD BLESSINGS AND BENEFICENCE:
Three blessings that do not bring on any either hunger or nakedness: the blessing of their spiritual counselor,
the blessing of their rightful lord, and the blessing of a poet of hereditary art.
Three other blessings better than all: the blessing of father and mother, the blessing of the sick and wounded,
and the blessing of one in adversity.
Three to whom it is right to give food: the stranger, the solitary, and the orphan.
Three things which cannot be obtained: poverty from alms-giving, wealth from robbery, and wisdom from prosperity.
Three occasions for one to speak falsehood without excuse: to save the life of one who is innocent, to keep
the peace among neighbors, and to preserve the Wise and their crafts.
Three things one is loath to leave: the land where they were born and nurtured, the friends whom they have proved
true, and the wealth which they have amassed through the labors of their own hands.
Three people who win easily in their lawsuits: the generous, the wise, and the healthy.
Three things by which we may know our neighbor: that he is poor, that he is a stranger, and that he is in the
image of human kind.
Three gifts of charity : food, sanctuary, and instruction.
RESPECTING ETIQUETTE :
There are three things proper from one who has received kindness: their thanks, their remembrance, and their
Three things for which thanks are due, because that is as easy as reward: an invitation, a gift, and a warning.
Three qualities unbecoming anyone: being importunate in asking, hard in giving, and ill in opinion.
Three things which bring one many invitations: saying little, and that wise and instructive; quiet mirth without
great effort; and behaving always without arrogance.
Three things which cause one loss of invitations: eating to much, speaking to much, and asking to much.
Three who ought not to be invited to a house: a flattering deceiver, a scornful mocker, and an envious traitor.
Three things unhandsome at a banquet: a skewer too short, a blunt knife, and a dish out of reach.
Three indignities of one at a feast: coughing in their drink, cutting their hand with a knife, and spilling
Three improprieties of one at a feast: breaking from every piece in the dish, putting in their mouth more than
his companion can respond to, and drinking with his piece in his mouth; and a fourth impropriety: finding fault with the food
Three meats of the hosteller: boiled flesh, red flesh, living flesh.
Three things never to bring one who has been your host: harm, contention, ill repute.
Three reasons for keeping silent: against saying the thing one ought not, against speaking in the way one ought
not, and against speaking in the place one ought not.
Three reasons for speaking, come what may: for instruction against ignorance, counsel against strife, and truth
against harmful falsehood.
Three things do no hurt against any: concealing ill manners, controlling passion, and destroying ill intention.
There are three things which one should give freely to guests: gracious accommodation, friendly conversation,
and insured safety.
Three elements of gracious accommodation: Cheerful welcome; hot sustenance; and a warm bed.
Three things a guest should never bring to another's house: ill tidings; presumptuous license; and treachery.
Three improprieties of a person at a feast: partaking of every piece on the dish; stuffing the mouth; talking
with the mouth full.
Three things all should have on hand for a guest, expected or not: open door, undry cauldron, warm bed.
PERTAINING TO THE DOMICILE
RESPECTING THE GOOD HOME:
There are three things without which one is not whole: a mate, a home, and a craft.
Three things desirable in a household: good order, good knowledge, and sufficient plenty.
Three felicities of a household: and honest watchman, a careful herdsman, and a wise errand-goer.
Three things which make one glad: their mate loving them, their labor prospering, and their conscience easy.
Three things fitting for one when they are at home: their mate laying with them , their cushion in their chair,
and their harp in tune.
Three things of great comfort for one to have: their mate in their bed, their fire in their hearth, and their
money in their purse.
Three felicities of a wise person: kindly soil, a dedicated mate, and a law-abiding child.
Three things which will exalt a person: a mate dedicated and diligent, a master faithful, and safety.
Three things which help one to get rich: their mate saving, their family not wasting, and themselves laboring.
Three things which make a marriage happy: equality of age, equality of lineage, and equality of possessions.
Three felicities of a person and their mate: being merry at home, good in their relations with the Mighty Ones,
and mediators among their neighbors.
Three things one gains when their mate endeavors to be excellent: their household peaceful for love of them,
their children gentle in manners, and the respect of their neighbors.
Three things a person gains when their mate endeavors to be excellent: peace of mind, wellness of body, and
Three treasures of the child in a good home: truth, love, and growth.
Three things in a person which makes their mate a leader among their neighbors: skill, industry, and wisdom.
Three things which bring dignity to a person: discretion in speech, contentment in the life they lead, and being
peaceful among their neighbors.
Three things which makes one content with their dinner: their mate clever, their food savory, and their stomach
Three things pleasant to one at their dinner: a sharp-edged knife, a sharp-pointed skewer, and a clean plate.
RESPECTING THE BAD HOME:
There are three uncomfortable things: a house without a mate, a chamber without food, and a body without health.
Three things which make disorder in a household: the man drunken, the wife execrable, the children intractable.
Three things that one is better without: a dishonest household, disobedient children, a drunken mate.
Three things which will drive one from their house: their mate quarreling, their roof leaking, and their chimney
Three infelicities of a household: an idle doer of ill , keeping a paramour, and lodging a priest.
Three things which make one needy: Their mate luxurious, their household negligent, and themselves extravagant.
Three things which bring a mate hate instead of love: peevishness, desire of dominance, and the pampering of
their own stomach.
Three things which bring on one the worlds disrespect and their mates' hatred: lying long in the morning, being
stubborn, and bringing a paramour into their house.
Three indignities of a woman: being garrulous, being querulous, and being slanderous.
Three indignities of a man: being quick to suspicion, being quick to anger, being slow to labor.
Three things which bring on a person a bad opinion : being apt to dally with youths, being greedy in dainties,
and speaking ill of their neighbors.
PERTAINING TO THE FILI', FOR ALL
ARE ABLE TO MEDIATE THE GODS
Three improprieties of one who is Fili' : To claim as their own work, what the Gods have done through them;
to demand gain or pleasure as a servant of the Mighty Ones; to allow themselves to be kept by labor that is not their own.
There are three duties of one who is Fili': to teach their people to live fearless in strength, to teach their
people how to avoid the attention of the Mighty Ones, and to teach their people the Laws of Nature.
PERTAINING TO CONTRACTS AND AGREEMENTS
Three things necessary for a contract to be made: mutual agreement, mutual understanding, and mutual consent;
and there is a fourth and that is surety given.
There are three types of surety: Naidn, Aitire, Rath.
There are three things in a contract which need special attention: that which is explicit, that which is implicit,
and that which has been forgotten.
There are three foundations to mutual agreement: that there be nothing hidden, that there be no malicious intent,
that there be no coercion.
There are three things due one who has had a contract broken: loss, loss from loss , and honor price.
There are three types of contract, all binding before the Mighty Ones and before human kind: that which is established
by the spoken word, that which is established by the written word, and that which is ordained by the Righ or Rian .
Three types of profit: from producing , from investing , from a good reputation.
Three types of investment: goods , money, and time.
There are three levels of honor price: one third the value of the agreement when one has defaulted on a contract
because of something beyond their control; three times the value of the contract when one has defaulted by their own volition
or slothfulness, and no malice was intended; nine times the value of the contract when one has defaulted on a contract by
an act of their own volition, with malice intent.
GOOD HEALTH AND BAD:
There are three things most precious to human kind: health, liberty, and virtue.
Three things which do not suffer trifling: health, prosperity, and time.
Three things which keep a person in good health: moderate food, well-apportioned labor, and natural warmth.
Three foods which bring health, long life, and clear understanding: corn food, milk food, and garden food.
Three foods which bring disease, short life, and dull understanding: flesh food, sweetened food, and highly
Three customary acts which make one healthy and long-lived: work, by tilling, in moderation; rising early; innocent
Three customary acts which bring short life and disease: to much labor, too much sleep in the morning, and peevishness.
Three frequent changes which bring long life: change of food, change of work, and change of amusement.
Three good things in one who loves good health: enough sleep at Bealtinna (in Spring), enough food at Meansamhradh
(at Mid-Summer), enough fire at Geamhradh (in the Winter).
Three things which strengthen the body: lying on a hard bed, cold air, and dry food.
Three things whose excess shortens ones life: flesh food, drunkenness, and too much dallying about with those
of the opposite gender.
Three unfailing remedies in every disease and sickness: nature, time, and patience.
Three things of which one does not see half enough: life, health, and riches.
ADVISEMENT'S OF PRUDENCE :
Three things one who is prudent will not show: the bottom of their purse, the bottom of their knowledge , and
the bottom of their heart.
Three things which one who is upright ought to curb: a young spirited horse, a young intemperate daughter, and
a garrulous tongue.
Three things like one to the other: a fine granary without corn, a fine flask without drink, and a fine daughter
without good repute.
Three things not good to leave: a ship before the wind, a woman to her rage, and a son to his ignorance.
Three things which do not go well if hurried: war, feasting, and argument.
Three things which a person obtains from traveling in strange land: hunger, cold, and derision.
Three things trust in which does not end well: health in old age, fair weather in winter, and felicity from
things of the world.
Three things it is best to leave alone: a strange dog, a sudden flood, and one wise in their own eyes.
RESPECTING THE ORDER OF NATURE:
There are three things which keep order and system for everything in the world: number, weight, and measure.
Three things which we cannot control: the Void , the planets , and truth. To this be it added, The Truth Against
Three things good as servants, bad as masters: water, fire, and wind.
Three more things worse yet as masters than as servants: labor, money, and kings.
Three things which shall lay waste where they come: water, fire and the curse of the Mighty Ones.
Three arch-enemies of human kind: fire, water, and a king.
Three gluttons of the world: the sea, a king, and a city.
Three things no being can be seen without: covering, movement, and shadow.
Three things which should be chiefly considered in everything: nature, form, and work.
Three unequals of the world: beauty, love, and necessity.
Three parts to everything : He One , She One , They One in the Third .
RESPECTING THE NATURE OF HUMANKIND :
There are three things that are never at rest in anyone: the heart in working, the breath in moving, and the
soul in purposing.
Three things in the world between which there is a wonderful difference: the faces of people, the utterances
of people, and the writings of people.
There are three from which it is not easy to win a person: their belief, their genius, and their nation.
Three things on which every person should reflect: whence they come, where they are, and whither they shall
Three things hard for a person to do completely: know themselves, conquer their appetite, and keep their secret.
Three things a person cannot conceal: great love, great hate, and great wealth.
Three things of which the whole is not good: doing the whole that passion desires, believing the whole that
is said throughout the land, and showing the whole that one knows.
Three martyrdoms without slaying: the liberality of a needy person, the innocence of a young person, and fair
maintenance without wealth.
Three things of which the loss is woe: the attainments of wisdom, a pure conscience, and the love of Mighty
Three fears which strengthen a person's heart: fear of speaking the whole that they have learnt from another,
fear of extreme prosperity, and fear of offending the Mighty Ones.
Three fears which weaken a person's heart: fear of speaking the truth, fear of wretched poverty, and fear of
evil being done them.
Three things which dazzle the world: deceit, supremacy, and excessive love for man and human beings.
Three counsels of the yellow bird: do not grieve greatly about what has happened, do not believe what cannot
be, and do not desire what cannot be obtained.
Three things which come on a person without their knowing: sleep, error, and old age.
Three things which come together: age, error, and grief.
Three things which keep their word faithfully: death, retribution, and remorse.
Three things the true human obeys: truth, the world which is to come, and the cock at dawn.
Three things of which not the half is to be believed that is boasted of them: wealth, understanding, and goodness.
Three things never end: the flowering of charity, the soul, and perfect love.
RESPECTING ACTION :
Three things necessary for the doing of every act: knowledge, ability, and desire.
There are three parts to every action: thought, word, and deed.
RESPECTING KNOWLEDGE :
Three kinds of knowledge : the nature of each thing , the cause of each thing , the influence of each thing.
There are three springs of knowledge: reason, phenomenon, and necessity.
Three things must a person do who desires to learn: listen intently, contemplate intently, and be silent continually.
Three teachers of humankind: one is event, that is from seeing and hearing; the second is intelligence, and
that comes from reflection and meditation; and the third is genius, individual, a gift from the Mighty Ones.
Three gains of those who heed the advisements of the Old Ones: illumination, wisdom, and clarity.
Three instructions not wise to believe: what a person imparts in support of what is for their own profit and
success; what one imparts with hatred to another; and what a person wise in their own eyes imparts.
The three qualifications of poetry: endowment of genius; judgment from experience; happiness of mind.
The three foundations of Judgement: bold design; frequent practice; frequent mistakes.
The three foundations of learning: seeing much; studying much; and suffering much.
The three foundations of thought: perspicuity, amplitude, and preciseness.
The three canons of perspicuity: the word that is necessary, the quantity that is necessary, the manner that
The three canons of amplitude: appropriate thought, variety of thought, and requisite thought.
There are three things which strengthen the mind and reason: seeing much, reflecting much, and enduring much.
Three resources of human kind: intelligence, love, and prayer.
There are three foundations of wisdom: discretion in learning, memory in retaining, and eloquence in telling.
Three concords for wisdom: generosity and wealth, knowledge and humility, and valor and mercy; and they are
neither a true human nor sage in whom these things are not found in concord.
Three marks of wisdom: simplicity, endeavor, and long-suffering.
Three securities of wisdom: memory, reflection, and custom.
Three qualities which show wisdom: suffering discreetly, forgiving injury, and seeking knowledge.
Three followers of wisdom: imagination, purpose, and endeavor.
Three demonstrations of wisdom: holding to reason, holding to imagination, and holding to improvement.
Three synonyms of wisdom: necessity, decency, and expediency.
Three things which obstruct wisdom: pride, covetousness, and timorousness.
Three special virtues of wisdom: generosity, industry, and prudence.
Three initiations of wisdom: lawful teaching, effective customs, and instinctive love.
Three operations of wisdom : taming savagery, spreading peace, and improving laws.
RESPECTING THOSE WHO ARE WISE:
There are three schools of one who is wise: conscience, reason, and instruction.
Three things essential for the wise to know: their Gods, themselves, and the deceits of the world.
Three things that one who is wise attains: prosperity, dignity, and joy.
Three triumphs of one who is wise: dignity, intuition, and praise.
Three things of which one who is wise may boast: their understanding, their handicraft, and that which they
Three plagues of the wise: a young lover, drink, and bad temper.
RESPECTING THE FOOL AND THEIR INANITY :
There are three schools of the foolish person: the punishment of the law, ill happenings in their life, and
a bad position in the life to come.
Three things which befall the unwise person: failure, disgrace, and sorrow.
Three boasts of a fool: riches, lineage, and dissipation.
Three laughters of a fool: about the good man, about the evil man, and about what he knows not.
Three things which the fool calls imprudent: to seek knowledge, come what will; to give alms without thinking
what is to come; and to endure for truth and justice without fear of what may come.
RESPECTING WISDOM APPLIED:
Three things of which everything is capable, and without which nothing can be: strength of body and mind, knowledge,
and love of intuitive wisdom.
Three things which may not be opposed: nature, necessity, and decay.
Three who are hard to believe: a wanderer from afar, the reader of a book in a strange tongue, and they who
are older than their neighbors.
Three who it is wise not to believe: the stranger about their possessions, and old person praising the day that
was of yore, and one who boasts of their wisdom.
There are three concords which uphold all things: concord of love and justice, concord of truth and imagination,
and concord of the Mighty Ones and occurrence.
Three words of counsel from Teilo the Draoi: know thy power, know thy wisdom, and know thy time.
Three people who will please the Mighty Ones: they who love everything living with their whole heart, they who
love every beautiful thing with their whole strength, and they who seek every knowledge with their whole understanding.
Three things between which there is great difference: what is praised and what is forgiven, what is forgiven
and what is suffered, and what is suffered and what is not punished.
RESPECTING AMBITIONS AND THE ROADS TO SUCCESS:
Three things all should strive for: Oneness with their Gods; peace among neighbors; and just judgment.
Three things which help avert calamity: to worship the Mighty Ones, to be upright, and to exercise fortitude.
Three things by which comes success: Listen humbly , answer discreetly, and judge kindly.
Three foundations of success: a silent mouth, a careful ear, and a fitting action.
The three foundations of friendship are: Respect and trust; understanding and forbearance, a loving heart and
Three things for a friend: let them be to you a second self, let not their misery estrange you from them, do
for their memory what you would do if they yet lived.
The three foundations of happiness: contentment; hope, and belief.
There are three things which the happy will gain: prosperity, honor, and ease of conscience.
Three purposes for the return of souls to this world : To collect into the soul the properties of all being
, to acquire knowledge of all things , to acquire the power to overcome chaos.
Three things which continually grow less : darkness , falsehood, and death.
Three things constantly increase : light , life , and truth.
There are three who judge: the judgment we place upon ourselves , which lingers long; the judgment of our peers,
through the king, which lingers short; and the judgment of the Mighty Ones , and this swift, sure, and just .
There are three only , whose frenzy is a benefit to their people: The Warrior on the field of battle, the Dancer
in the place of dance, and the Seeker of Justice where ever they may be.
RESPECTING THE TRUE HUMAN:
The three highest causes of the true human are: Truth, honor, and duty.
The three manifestations of the true human are: civility, generosity, and compassion.
The three foundations of Spirituality: Hearth as altar, work as worship, and service as sacrament.
Three Generous Men of the Island of Britain:
Nudd the Generous, son of Senyllt,
Mordaf the Generous, son of Serwan,
the Generous, son of Tudwal Tudglyd.
And Arthur himself was more generous than the three.
Three Fair Princes (Blessed Kings)of the Island of Britain:
Owain son of Urien,
Rhun son of Maelgwn,
Rhufawn befr the son of Deorath (Dewarth)
Three Pillars of Battle of the Island of Britain:
Dunawd Fur son of Pabo Pillar of Britain,
Gwallawg son of Lleenawg,
Three Well-Endowed (Learned) Men of the Island of Britain:
Gwalchmai son of Gwyar,
and Llachau son of Arthur,
and Rhiwallawn Broom-Hair.
(Deifnyawc here may mean "qualified by descent to rule")
Three Tribal Thrones of the Island of Britain:
Arthur as Chief Prince in Mynyw, and Dewi as Chief Bishop, and Maelgwn Gwynedd
as Chief Elder;
Arthur as Chief Prince in Celliwig in Cornwall, and Bishop Bytwini as Chief Bishop, and Caradawg Strong-Arm
as Chief Elder;
Arthur as Chief Prince in Pen Rhionydd in the Morth, and Gerthmwl Wledig as Chief Elder, and Cyndeyrn Garthwys
as Chief Bishop
(This triad differs from others in the Peniarth MS 16. It may have been added
by a monastic scribe to strengthen the claims of St. David's at Mynyw during the episcopal controversy of the early twelfth
The Three Great Exploits Of The Island Of Britain :
The ship of Nevydd Nav Neivion, which carried in it a male and female of all things
living, when the Lake of floods burst forth;
The horned oxen of Hu the Mighty, which drew the Avanc of the Lake to land,
so that the Lake burst forth no more;
The stones of Gwyddon Ganhebon, on which were read all the arts and sciences of
Three Faithful Women of the Island of Britain:
Ardd(u)n wife of Cadgor son of Gorolwyn,
and Efeilian wife of Gwydyr the Heavy,
wife of Mabon son of Dewengan.
Three Prostrate Chieftains of the Island of Britain:
Llywarch Hen the son of Elidir Llydanwyn,
and Manawydan son of Llyr Half-Speech,
Gwgon Gwron son of Peredur son of Eliffer of the Great Retinue.
And this is why those were called "Prostrate Chieftains":
because they would not seek a dominion, which nobody could deny to them.
(The original meaning of the Triad was probably "subdued by misfortune". The later
White Book explanation interprets Lledyf in the sense of a person who does not resist when others forcibly deprive
him of his rights.)
Three Tribal Herdsmen Of The Island Of Britain:
Llawnrodded Varvawc who tended the kine of Nudd Hael, the son of Senyllt, in whose
herd were twenty-one thousand milch cows;
Bennren, who kept the herd of Caradawc the son of Bran and his tribe, in Gorwenydd
Gwdion the son of Don, who kept the herd of the tribe of Gwynedd, above the Conwy.
Three Bull-Chieftains of the Island of Britain:
Elinwy son of Cadegr,
and Cynhafal son of Argad,
and Afaon son of Taliesin.
The three of them were sons of bards (White Book Version).
Three Bull-Protectors of the Island of Britain:
Cynfawr Host-Protector, son of Cynwyd Cynwydion,
son of Ceidiaw,
and Urien son of Cynfarch.
Three Principal Enchanters:
(who are styled "Men of Illusion and Phantasy")
Math ab Mathonwy, who declared his illusion to Gwdion the son of Don;
Menyw the son of Teirgwaedd, who taught his illusion
to Uthyr Pendragon;
Rhuddlwm the Giant, who learnt his illusion from Eiddilig the Dwarf, and Coll the son of Collfrewi